Singapore

Time Zone: UTC + 8
Country Dialing Code: +65
Currency: Singapore Dollar (SGD)
Languages: English, Malay, Tamil, and Chinese (Mandarin)

Every year, Singapore draws a huge number of international patients wishing to avail of quality and world-class medical care. The country is particularly reputed for its treatment facilities in specific branches of medicine like Pediatrics, Oncology, Organ transplants, Ophthalmology, Cardiology, Orthopedics, and Neurology. Medical travellers prefer Singapore for treatment because of its highly qualified, trained and experienced medical team of doctors and nursing staff. The country has several specialty centers and well-reputed hospitals using the latest technology in the medical field ensuring a quality treatment to every patient.

Medical Tourism in Singapore

Singapore’s healthcare system is one of the best in the world. In 2013, the medical tourism industry in Singapore generated revenue of more than $832 million from treatment of foreign travellers. Even though medical care in Singapore is expensive as compared to other popular medical tourism hotspots like India., Hungary, Turkey, and Thailand, the country is favoured by medical tourists for the country’s state-of-the-art medical facilities, orderliness, clean environment and English-speaking personnel.

There are 15 medical centers in Singapore that have received accreditation by the reputed Joint Commission International (JCI) for their excellence in providing the best in healthcare to the patients. As per the Singapore Tourism Board, thousands of medical tourists avail medical treatment in the country each year. The majority of the international patients come from China, Malaysia, the UAE, Philippines, and Indonesia.

Shamal Travels is partnered with several of the JCI accredited and globally renowned hospitals in Singapore to offer a high quality and high-tech medical treatment to its customers wishing to avail of the medical treatment in Singapore.

Why Choose Singapore For Medical Tourism?

  • Best in Healthcare Services: Singapore is ranked 6th by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the quality of healthcare services that the centers provide.
  • Developed Country: Singapore has earned a worldwide reputation for it’s cleanliness, discipline, security and service. The medical centers offer a professional and quality service. 
  • JCI-accredited Medical Centers: Most of the centers offering medical services to international patients are accredited by the reputed JCI, which is considered as the gold standard.
  • English is Popularly Spoken: One of the key reasons for Singapore to be chosen for medical treatment by patients around the world is that English is fluently spoken and understood throughout the country.

Visa Process

Foreign visitors coming to Singapore should carry a copy of their passport, which must be valid for at least six months after the date of travel. As far as visa requirements are concerned, nationals of several countries including Mauritius are given a 30-Days Visit Visa upon their arrival in the country. This visa may be extended upon request for medical purposes up to 90 days. The medical visa request is generally approved within 2 to 3 working days. Shamal Travels assists in obtaining the necessary medical visa.

Is Singapore Safe For Tourists?

Singapore is considered as one of the safest countries for travellers. Singapore is counted amongst the most developed and sophisticated nations and the authorities are stringent about their cleanliness laws. Public transportation is the form of trains, buses, and cabs are available around the clock. Many good hotels are available in the country to meet the needs and budget of travellers.

Travel Tips

Singapore is connected with most countries via direct flights. To make your stay comfortable and safe, Shamal Travels will take care of all your needs as a medical tourist. We will make all your travel arrangements such as accommodation, local phone, to and fro ticket booking, and local travel assistance.

During your travel and stay in Singapore, make sure that you:

  • Carry your passport, visa, and emergency contact details of the visiting hospital at all times
  • Do not rely on strangers for anything and ask for translators at any given point when in doubt.
  • Avoid consuming street food if you are not too comfortable with it.
  • Always keep some amount of money in local currency.

Introduction

A gastric bypass is a type of weight loss surgery that changes the way the stomach and the small intestine handle the food. It works by reducing the size of the stomach, which triggers an early feeling of fullness and thus, the individual consumes a smaller meal. Specific parts of the intestine are also “bypassed” in the surgery, which allows for lesser absorption of calories. A popular bariatric surgery, gastric bypass helps lose 30 to 40 percent of the excess body weight and is considered to be one of the safest weight loss surgical interventions.

When is it performed?

A gastric bypass is performed on people suffering from morbid obesity with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher. It is also performed on people whose BMI is between 35 and 40 but suffers from some serious weight-related co-morbidities such as diabetes, sleep apnea, or hypertension. This surgery is only recommended when other weight-loss methods such as diet, exercise, and medications fail to work.

How is it performed?

A gastric bypass is a two-step surgery, performed under the influence of general anaesthesia. It can be an open or a laparoscopic procedure. In the first step, incisions are made into the stomach to divide it into two sections with staples. The upper section is smaller than the lower. In the next step, the smaller section of the stomach is attached to the lower, Y-shaped section of the small intestine. That is, the lower stomach and the upper parts of the small intestine are bypassed. The incision are closed and the patient is sent to the recovery room.

Recovery

The recovery depends on the approach of gastric bypass. In case of an open surgery, it may take 7 to 10 days because the incisions are larger and they take time to heal. In case of a laparoscopic surgery, it takes 2 to 3 days for the patient to recover. The patient is discharged within 2 to 3 days of the surgery but has to follow the precautions advised. Specific instructions are given by the doctor related to diet, lifestyle, exercising, and medications. In case of any discomfort, the doctor should be consulted immediately.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Laparoscopic (lap) gastric banding is a minimally-invasive weight loss surgery. This procedure involves the placement of a silicone band around the stomach with the help of a laparoscope, thus creating two sections in the stomach. The smaller upper section ensures a reduction in the quantity of food consumed after the surgery. The band is adjustable and it can be tightened or made loose, as per the desired weight loss results by injecting or removing saline. A popular and safe bariatric procedure, lap gastric banding is a great solution for morbidly obese people who do not wish to undergo an invasive surgery.

When is it performed?

Lap gastric banding is performed on patients who are overweight (body mass index ranging between 30 and 40) or suffer from conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, sleep apnoea due to excessive weight. It is a safe procedure but doctors only recommend it when other non-invasive weight loss methods such as dieting, exercise, and medications have failed. It is not recommended to people suffering from stomach or intestinal disorders.

How is it performed?

Lap gastric banding is performed under general anaesthesia and takes one to two hours to complete. During the procedure, an adjustable silicone band with an inflatable balloon connected to a port is placed around the upper part of the stomach. When the band requires tightening, saline is introduced through the port. Similarly, when it requires loosening, saline is removed via the port. The placement of the band around the stomach creates a smaller pouch in the upper region, which helps restrict the amount of food the individual can eat at a time. It also slows down the passage of the food into the small intestine, thus promoting an early and long-lasting feeling of fullness.

Recovery

The patient can experience pain for two to three days after the surgery but it goes away with medicines. The first two weeks after the surgery can be difficult for the patient as the body takes time to adapt to the band placed around the stomach. Patients can return to work after a week but resuming normal routine takes around four to six weeks. After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to follow the dietary and lifestyle-related instructions given by the surgeon.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Sleeve gastrectomy is a type of bariatric surgery that reduces the size of the stomach to about 15 percent of its actual size. This is achieved through the removal of a portion of the stomach along the greater curvature, which results in a sleeve-like banana-shaped structure. This ensures lesser consumption of food, made possible by an early feeling of fullness. Sleeve gastrectomy is a permanent surgery as it reduces the size of the stomach forever. It is an effective weight loss surgery that has gained popularity among adults as well as the elderly due to its huge success rate.

When is it performed?

Sleeve gastrectomy is not suitable for all obese patients. Only those who have an excessively high BMI (above 40) and are in the age group of 18 to 65 years are considered as fit candidates for this surgical procedure. Those suffering from serious weight-related co-morbidities such as sleep apnoea, diabetes, high blood pressure, and hyperlipidaemia are also eligible. Individuals who suffer from stomach or gastric ailments are not suitable for this surgery. Also, the surgery is conducted when the patient commits to making specific dietary and lifestyle changes that are mandatory after the operation.

How is it performed?

Sleeve gastrectomy is performed under the influence of general anaesthesia and takes about one to one-and-a-half hour. It is a minimally-invasive procedure conducted with a laparoscope, which is a small device with a camera and several small tools attached to it. It inserted into the stomach through incisions. It sends the images of the inside of the stomach to the monitor connected to the laparoscope. The surgeon then pumps a harmless gas into the stomach to expand the cavity so that the view is clear. After this, the surgeon removes a large portion of the stomach and staples the remaining portion, reducing it to the shape of a banana. The incisions are closed and the patient is sent to the recovery room.

Recovery

The recovery time differs, depending on the overall health of the patient. Typically, a patient is discharged after two or three days and is allowed to return to work after one or two weeks. However, until six weeks, heavy lifting is not allowed. Additionally, the patient must go to the doctor for a routine check-up at regular intervals and religiously follow the diet and lifestyle changes recommended by the surgeon.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

An angiography is a medical imaging technique through which the blood vessels, arteries, veins, and heart chambers of the body are examined. It is mainly used for the diagnosis of the coronary artery disease and helps to determine the exact location of the disease as well as its severity. It is conducted with the help of catheters, a contrast agent, and guide wires. The technique has been in practice for a long time and many cardiologists use it for the diagnosis and treatment of patients. With time, the technique has improved as well and angiography is carried out using advanced equipment.

When is it performed?

Angiography is performed by a doctor to detect blockage in the arteries and veins of the body. It is recommended after proper physical examination of the patient. It helps to determine any type of abnormality in the arteries or veins such as blockage, malformation, or enlargement whether it is present in the brain, abdomen, heart, or legs.

How is it performed?

It is performed under local anesthesia and intravenous sedation. A small catheter is inserted into the arteries through the skin (near the groin or wrist) and with the help of a fluoroscope, the catheter is made to reach the coronary arteries. Then a contrast agent is injected into the arteries, which produces images of the arteries, also known as angiograms. The whole procedure takes around 20 to 30 minutes and after the procedure is over, the catheter is removed and the artery is sealed to prevent bleeding.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day after the procedure is over. However, certain precautions have to be followed such as driving should be avoided for one to three days and the patient should rest for a few hours. If the patient experiences any discomfort, they should immediately consult the doctor. This is a safe procedure but may lead to an infection, irregular heartbeat, excessive bleeding, and other side effects in rare cases.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Angioplasty, also known as balloon angioplasty and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, is a medical procedure in which the blocked or narrowed arteries and veins are widened. It is a minimally invasive procedure and is done with the help of a balloon. A deflated balloon is inserted into the affected vessel with the help of a catheter and then it is inflated to decongest the vessel, which helps to improve blood flow to the arteries. This procedure is quite popular and trusted by cardiologists for the treatment of patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases.

When is it performed?

Angioplasty is performed in cases where the patient is suffering from arterial atherosclerosis (narrowed arteries due to a buildup of plaque) or has experienced a heart attack. It is performed after the physical examination of the patient and only when medication has not given satisfactory results. It is recommended to the patient based on their symptoms and results of angiography.

How is it performed?

It is performed under local anesthesia and can take anywhere between 30 and 90 minutes, depending on the severity of the blockage. A deflated balloon which is attached to a catheter is passed through the guide wires into the narrowed blood vessels through the groin or wrist. After this, the balloon is inflated which expands the vessel and the adjoining muscular wall, thereby, restoring the normal blood flow. At times, a stent may also be inserted during the procedure to keep the vessel open. After the surgery is over, the punctured vessel is sealed with a vascular closure device or direct pressure.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day or the next day after angioplasty. They can resume normal routine gradually and go to work within a week. During the recovery, the patient should take precaution and not indulge in stressful activities. They should also refrain from driving and flying. In case of any discomfort, they should immediately meet the doctor.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

ASD closure or repair refers to the treatment of the atrial septal defect, a congenital heart disease that is characterized by a hole in the septa that divides the two atria (upper chambers of the heart). The disease is present in patients from childhood but sometimes, the ASDs close on their own. In other cases, the symptoms surface in adulthood. The hole in the septa causes the pure and impure blood to mix, which affects the patient’s health and causes breathing difficulties, shortness of breath, and respiratory infections. The hole is fixed through surgery either by repair or closure.

When is it performed?

ASD closure is performed in patients suffering from atrial septal defect whose hole in the heart has not closed on its own. It is performed only after medication fails to give relief to the patient from the symptoms. When the doctor is confirmed that the hole would not close on its own, they advise repair or closure.

How is it performed?

ASD closure or repair is performed under general anesthesia and the surgery can take a couple of hours. The surgeon makes an incision in the chest and then connects the heart to a machine that continues pumping blood to the body during the surgery. After accessing the hole, the surgeon closes it with sutures or repairs it with a biological patch. Lastly, the incision is sealed with sutures. In another closure method, that is, cardiac catheterization, a catheter is inserted in the groin and guided to the heart where a mesh material is placed over the hole to close the defect.

Recovery
The patient is discharged after two to four days, depending on their condition. In the initial phase, it is normal to experience pain and swelling in the chest region but it goes away with medications. The patient can resume normal routine after a couple of weeks but physically exhaustive activities must be avoided before complete recovery. If the patient experiences any inconvenience, they should consult the doctor immediately.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

AVR/MVR refers to aortic valve replacement and mitral valve replacement, respectively. They are surgical procedures performed for the treatment of heart valve disorders. These disorders affect the blood flow in the body, which affects the overall health of the patient and it becomes necessary to go for surgery. The replacement surgery of the aortic valve and the mitral valve is done by specialist cardiologists and has proven to be effective in cases of patients who have had congenital heart disease or acquired valve disorder during their lifetime. The surgery replaces the diseased valves with artificial valves and thus, restores the normal functioning of the heart.

When is it performed?

AVR/MVR is performed in the case of patients who are suffering from valve-related problems in which the valves do not open or close properly. The surgical procedures are prescribed only after medications do not produce any results in the patient. The doctor examines the patient thoroughly before recommending the surgery to confirm if they are suitable candidates.

How is it performed?

AVR/MVR is performed under general anesthesia and can take a couple of hours. The surgeon makes an incision in the chest area and then with the help of a heart-lung machine, keeps the blood circulation going during the surgery. The diseased aortal valve is removed and replaced with artificial or tissue valve and then the incision is sealed with sutures. The same process is also repeated in mitral valve replacement but in this case, the mitral valve is replaced.

Recovery

The patient is discharged in around a week after AVR or MVR but the recovery takes four to six weeks. During this time, the patient should follow the precautions, diet, medications, and advice of the doctor. They should gradually resume physical activities to make sure, no pressure is put on the heart. The patient must also go for periodic checkups and if they feel any discomfort, they should get in touch with the doctor.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Bentall procedure is a cardiac surgery in which the aortic valve, aortic root, and the ascending aorta are replaced with composite grafting by re-implanting the coronary arteries into the graft. It is a well-known surgery to correct the defects of the aorta and is widely prescribed by the surgeons to cure the diseases related to the aortic valve. The surgery involves the elimination of the diseased parts of the valve and replacement with coronary arteries and sections of the wall surrounding the aorta. This is done by grafting and specialized surgeons who have an expertise in this type of surgery perform it on patients.

When is it performed?

It is performed in cases of the aortic valve and ascending aorta disease. It is recommended in aortic regurgitation (leaking of the aortic valve), Marfan’s syndrome (a genetic disease leading to aortic wall weakness), aortic dissection (separation of the layers of the aortic wall), and aortic aneurysm (aorta enlargement). It is prescribed only after medication fails to work in the patient.

How is it performed?

It is performed under general anesthesia and takes four to five hours. The surgeon makes an incision in the middle of the chest and connects a heart-lung machine to the heart to carry the blood circulation. The surgeon removes the diseased part of the aorta and then dissects the coronary arteries as well as a large part of the wall surrounding the aorta. In the last step, he sutures an artificial graft to the ends of the aorta and then sews the grafted arteries and wall portion into the artificial graft. Lastly, the incision is sealed with sutures.

Recovery

The patient is discharged two to five days after the surgery but the recovery can take six to eight weeks. The patient has to exercise caution during this period and refrain from heavy physical activities. One can resume normal activities after complete recovery and if the patient experiences any problem, they should consult the doctor.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Coronary artery bypass grafting or CABG, also known as the bypass surgery, is a surgery performed to treat blocked coronary arteries. It improves blood flow to the heart and is recommended by surgeons for the treatment of severe coronary heart disease. In this disease, the arteries become narrow or blocked due to the buildup of plaque, which obstructs the flow of blood to the heart. CABG corrects this by creating new routes around the affected arteries, which restore the blood flow. The surgery can bypass one, two, three, four or five coronary arteries for the treatment and it depends on the extent of blockage.

When is it performed?

It is performed in cases of severe coronary heart disease and angina (chest pain). It is recommended after the medications have failed and only on those patients who have 50 to 99 percent obstruction in their coronary arteries. A patient is thoroughly examined to determine if they are the right candidate for the surgery.

How is it performed?

CABG is performed under general anesthesia and can take anything between three to six hours. It is a major operation in which the left thoracic artery is diverted to the left anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. An incision is made in the middle of the chest and then the graft vessels are sewed to the coronary arteries beyond the blockage. The other end of the vein is attached to the aorta. The saphenous vein from the leg is the most commonly used blood vessel for bypass surgery and so are the chest wall arteries. After the vessels are sewn, the incision is sealed.

Recovery

The patient has to stay in a hospital for a week after the surgery. After discharge, the recovery takes around four to six weeks depending on the health of the patient and the complexity of the surgery. During the recovery period, patients are advised not to indulge in strenuous activities. They can return to normal routine after complete recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Closed heart surgery is a medical procedure in which the arteries carrying blood to and from the heart are operated upon without opening the heart. This is a minimally invasive surgery in which small incisions are made to conduct the operation. It is conducted for the repair of structures found in the exterior part of the heart. In this procedure, no heart-lung machine or bypass machine is used during the operation and the heart continues to function normally. This type of surgery is performed on pediatric patients as well as adults to treat heart defects.

When is it performed?

It is performed for the treatment of ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, faulty heart valve, coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects, and other heart disorders that are related to major heart vessels. It is recommended by the surgeon only after medication and alternate therapy have failed to cure the disorder.

How is it performed?

A closed heart surgery is performed under general anesthesia and can take 30 to 90 minutes, depending on the severity of the disorder. The surgeon makes small incisions from the side of the chest or from the front to access the heart vessels such as the aorta or pulmonary arteries that are in need of repair. The repair is done by the surgeon through a bypass or by inserting a Blalock-Taussig shunt or by closing holes or in another way as the surgeon deems suitable. After the interior repair, the incisions are closed with the help of sutures.

Recovery

After the closed heart surgery, the patient stays in the hospital for three to six days, depending on the operation. Recovery takes four to six weeks and during this phase, the patient should refrain from stressful activities and follow the post-surgical instructions advised by the surgeon. The patient should go for periodic checkups as instructed by the surgeon and report any discomfort immediately.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Double valve replacement is a medical surgery in which the entire left side of the heart (the aortic and mitral valve) is removed and replaced with artificial or biologic valves. This surgery is performed on patients suffering from heart disorders caused by malfunctioning of the valves. The valves are responsible for maintaining the blood flow in the chambers of the heart. They open and close according to the blood pressure on each side. However, when the valves do not open or close properly, it causes heart problems in the patient and may need surgery.

When is it performed?

It is performed in patients suffering from valve malfunctioning. It is conducted after a complete inspection of the heart and the cardiologist considers several factors such as the age of the patient, their health, heart function, other medical condition before recommending surgery. It is recommended only after medications and alternative therapies fail to produce results in the patient.

How is it performed?

It is performed under general anesthesia and can take four to six hours, depending on the complexity of the operation. The surgery can be open or minimally invasive. The surgeon makes incisions into the aorta and then removes the valves. During the procedure, the patient is placed on a bypass machine so that blood is circulated through the body and the lungs continue to function. After removal, the valves are replaced with metal artificial valves or biological valves. After the replacement, the incisions are sealed.

Recovery

The patient stays in the hospital for around a week after the surgery. During this time, pain-relieving medicines are given and the patient is closely monitored as the risk of infection is high. After discharge, it takes four to six weeks to resume normal activities. During recovery, the patient should follow the precautions prescribed by the doctor in terms of diet and activities. They should also go for periodic checkups after the surgery to ensure proper healing.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

EPS or electrophysiology study is a medical procedure through which the irregular beating of the heart (arrhythmia) is detected. It shows the movement of electrical signals in the pathways of the heart and is used along with RFA or radiofrequency ablation to treat arrhythmia. It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure widely prescribed by cardiologists that destroy the small areas of the heart responsible for inducing an arrhythmia in the patient. The procedure has proven to be effective in heart patients and with advances in technology, it has become even more effective and easy.

When is it performed?

It is performed on patients suffering from arrhythmia, which is an abnormal beating of the heart or irregular heart rhythm. The cardiologist examines the patient before prescribing the treatment and does so only after medications and other therapies have failed. Also, those suffering from severe bleeding disorders or a recent blood clot in the lungs are not suitable for EPS and RFA.

How is it performed?

It is performed under general or local anesthesia and takes anything between 20 and 60 minutes. The cardiologist inserts a catheter with an electrode into a vein in the groin area and then guides it to heart with the help of a fluoroscope. The electrodes record the electrical activity of the heart and locate the areas of the heart that are causing irregular beats. Once the areas are detected, the RFA catheter burns (ablates) the spots with electrical energy which stops the irregular beating.

Recovery

Recovery is quick in EPS and RFA and the patient can go back home the next day after the treatment. During the hospital stay, the patient is monitored for any problem in the heart. After getting discharged, the patient can resume normal routine but the patient should avoid driving for 24 hours. If any inconvenience is reported in the chest area or in general, one should immediately consult the doctor.

 

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

The Fontan procedure, also known as Fontan-Kreutzer procedure, is a surgery that is performed on infants suffering from congenital heart disease. It is a palliative procedure that improves the dysfunctional heart condition of the pediatric patients. Such patients have only one ventricle in their heart instead of two and the surgery aims to maximize the efficiency of this ventricle so that the heart can function normally. The Fontan procedure is performed in three different ways depending on the patient’s heart condition and hence, categorized into atriopulmonary connection, intracardiac total cavopulmonary connection, and extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection.

When is it performed?

It is performed on pediatric patients with single functional ventricle caused by lack of a heart valve or a complex congenital heart disease where a bi-ventricular repair is not possible or appropriate. It is generally done on children between the age of two to five years but in some cases, the doctor may also prescribe it to patients below two years.

How is it performed?

It is done under general anesthesia and takes around four to five hours. The Fontan procedure is performed in two stages and the first involves disconnecting the pulmonary arteries from the existing blood supply, which redirects the oxygen-deficient blood from the top of the body to the lungs. The superior vena cava is disconnected from the heart and redirected to the pulmonary arteries. In the second stage, the blood from the inferior vena cava is redirected to the lungs.

Recovery

The patient is discharged from the hospital after two to three weeks but recovery can take three months or longer. During this time, the patient has to follow the precautions, medicines, and advice of the doctor. They should return to normal routine gradually and must not indulge in activities that put pressure on the heart. Moderate physical activity is prescribed during recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Heart port surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed for the treatment of diseased and dysfunctional heart valves, mostly the aortic or mitral valve. The procedure either repairs or replaces the diseased valves and it is performed by expert cardiologists. The heart port surgery has become very popular due to its minimally invasive nature and with the advancement of technology, it is being conducted with different approaches which give better results in lesser time. The surgery is prescribed to patients by a large number of cardiologists and it enjoys a high success rate across age groups.

When is it performed?

It is performed in mitral valve prolapse in which the mitral valve is deformed or bulging, which prevents it from closing properly. It is also performed in stenosis which is blockage or narrowing of mitral or aortic heart valve and regurgitation which refers to blood leakage in the wrong direction because of the aortic or mitral valve not closing properly.

How is it performed?

It is performed under local or general anesthesia. The surgeon places tubes into the blood vessels of neck and thigh, guiding it to the heart. The tubes have drugs which stop the heart and during this time the patient is also connected to the heart-lung machine which continues to circulate blood throughout the body. Then, small incisions are made in the upper chest area between the ribs and with the help of endoscope or miniature camera, the diseased valves are repaired or replaced with a prosthetic valve.

Recovery

The recovery is quicker due to the smaller incisions and the patient can go home after two to three days depending on their condition. After the surgery, it is normal to experience some pain or swelling in the chest but it goes away in few days. The patient can resume normal activity in a week and if they experience any inconvenience during recovery, they should immediately consult the doctor.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

ICD combo device or implantable cardioverter defibrillator is a device that is implanted in a patient to help manage their heart condition. The device is implanted in those patients whose heart beats at an abnormal rate, putting them at a risk of sudden cardiac arrest and other life-threatening heart conditions. ICD combo device restores the heart rate to normal by monitoring the rate and rectifying any abnormality. The device is implanted through a minimally invasive procedure and it has proven to be an effective treatment for patients.

When is it performed?

It is implanted in patients who have ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, and cardiac arrest. It is prescribed only after the patient’s condition does not improve with medicines or alternative therapies. The patient is thoroughly examined before the surgical procedure and it is performed on those patients who are not found to be fit for open heart surgery.

How is it performed?

It is performed under general or local anesthesia and can take anywhere from one to two hours. The surgeon makes an incision around two to four inches in length, below the collarbone in the upper chest area and then one or two leads are guided through a vein into the heart. The leads are connected to the defibrillator, which is programmed to suit the patient’s medical needs and then inserted below the skin through the incision. Lastly, the incision is sealed.

Recovery

The patient can go home the next day after the ICD combo device implant. It is normal to experience some pain or swelling around the incision site and the device insertion can also cause a slight bulge in the chest but it is also normal. The recovery is quick and takes a few more days but the patient should not indulge in physically exhausting activities for some more days and gradually move to such activities.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Norwood procedure is a three-stage surgery that is performed to cure hypoplastic left heart syndrome. It treats congenital heart disease and creates normal blood flow to and from the heart. The surgery creates a new functional circulatory circuit in patients and involves three procedures namely atrial septectomy, transection, and ligation of the distal main pulmonary artery. It is performed after the birth of the child and has a high success rate among children as a majority of those who have been treated through this surgery grow up and develop in a normal manner.

When is it performed?

It is performed to treat hypoplastic left heart syndrome, heart conditions that result in single ventricle circulation and other complex heart defects. It is performed by the surgeons after a comprehensive examination of the patient’s heart. It is recommended when the defect cannot be cured with medications or any other alternative therapy.

How is it performed?

It is performed by heart surgeons and in the first stage, the surgeon converts right ventricle into the main ventricle to pump blood to the lungs and the body. A connection called a shunt is established between the pulmonary arteries and the aorta. The second stage operation is done after six months and in this procedure, the shunt is disconnected and the right pulmonary artery is connected to the vein that brings deoxygenated blood from the upper part of the body to the heart. The third stage comes after eighteen to thirty-six months and in this stage, the blood vessel that drains deoxygenated blood from the lower part of the body into the heart is connected to the pulmonary artery.

Recovery

After the surgery, the child is monitored in the ICU and takes several days to recover. After discharge, the patient has to be brought to the doctor for routine checkups. In some cases, more frequent checkups are needed and it depends on the condition of the patient. The patient should be taken care of by the guardians and in case of any discomfort, the doctor should be consulted immediately.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

A pacemaker implant is a surgical procedure that is conducted for the treatment of irregular heartbeat, also called arrhythmia. It treats tachycardia (a heartbeat that is too fast) as well as bradycardia (a heartbeat that is too slow). The surgery is minimally invasive and once the pacemaker is implanted into the body of the patient, it begins to track and record the heartbeat, which also helps in better diagnosis of arrhythmia. The pacemaker can be temporary or permanent and in some cases, a special type of pacemaker called a biventricular pacemaker is implanted in the patient’s body.

When is it performed?

It is performed in cases of arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) and is recommended after complete examination of the patient. Several tests such as an echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, Holter monitoring, and stress test are conducted before the implant surgery. The cardiologist also considers several factors such as the age of the patient, other medical problem, health before recommending the surgery to a patient.

How is it performed?

It is performed under local anesthesia and can take one to two hours. The surgeon makes a small incision near the shoulder and inserts a wire through the incision into a major vein and then leads the wire to the heart. Then the surgeon attaches an electrode to the right ventricle and the other end of the wire which is attached to a pulse generator is implanted under the skin near the collarbone. This generator controls the heartbeat and the leads send electric signals to the heart. After the implant, the incision is closed with stitches.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day or the next day after the implant surgery. Till complete recovery, which takes take a month, the patient should not do heavy exercise or lifting. The doctor may also give pain-relieving medication to the patient for smooth recovery. After the pacemaker implant, the patient need not visit the doctor for checkups as it is connected to a phone line through special equipment.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection aka TAPVC is a congenital heart defect related to the pulmonary veins, which is treated with the help of surgery. TAPVC surgery is performed by specialized cardiac surgeons on pediatric patients. The surgery has been found to be effective in curing numerous patients of the congenital heart defect. In patients suffering from TAPVC, all the four pulmonary veins drain into systemic veins or the right atrium with or without pulmonary venous obstruction. The veins are not properly positioned and this improper positioning causes abnormality in blood flow which affects the overall health of the patient.

When is it performed?

It is performed on pediatric patients suffering from the total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). The surgery is performed after examining the patient closely. It is performed by the surgeon only when they are sure that surgery is the only option. It depends on how sick the child is and if the condition is so severe that it demands surgery.

How is it performed?

It is an open heart operation, which is performed under general anesthesia and can take a couple of hours. The surgeon makes an incision in the middle of the chest and connects the heart to the heart-lung machine to act as temporary lungs and heart. The surgeon connects the pulmonary veins to the left atrium and terminates any abnormal connections between blood vessels. The atrial septal defect is also closed. In another method, the surgeon rebuilds the wall between the left and right atrium.

Recovery

The patient stays in the hospital for several weeks after the surgery and is closely monitored for infections and complications. After getting discharged, the patient must follow the precautions, diet, and medications prescribed by the doctor. The patient also needs regular checkups at timely intervals to rule out the risk of complications.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Everyone craved for a flat tummy. Also, with the increasing awareness that abdominal fat can lead to various complications, many strive to lose belly fat. When diet and exercises don’t work, people think of achieving the goal with a surgery. Tummy tuck surgery, also known as abdominoplasty, is a cosmetic procedure conducted to remove the extra fat and skin around the abdominal area. The muscles that are weak and separated can be made smooth and firm with this surgery. You can see faster results and flaunt a flat tummy.

When is it done?

You can opt for a tummy tuck when you have a normal body weight and shape but only your tummy protrudes. In a few people, tummy keeps growing and others may sometimes confuse it with pregnancy. An abdominoplasty can actually help with the protruding tummy by removing extra fat and toning the muscles of the abdomen.

A sagging tummy may result because of a number of reasons, including age-related changes, pregnancy, or fluctuation in weight. Abdominoplasty helps in achieving a perfect shape. A tummy tuck surgery is not conducted in case of women who are planning a future pregnancy. Additionally, a tummy tuck should not be conducted as a treatment for stretch marks removal.

How is it done?

It takes at least five hours for this procedure to complete. It is conducted under the influence of general anesthesia. During the surgery, the cosmetic surgeon makes an incision between the belly button and the pubic hairline. The abdominal skin is slightly pulled down and the excess fat is trimmed. A new belly button is created and the skin is then stitched back again with the help of clips, sutures, or an adhesive tape.

Recovery

It is normal to experience swelling after the procedure. This is why wearing a compressed garment after the surgery is mandatory for patients. Upon discharge, you should seek proper guidance from the doctor as to how to take care of the drainages and bandages. You should avoid lifting heavy and strenuous objects until six months after the surgery. Oral and topical medications are also prescribed at the time of discharge.

 

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Blepharoplasty or the eyelid lift surgery helps people with droopy eyelids to enjoy a good vision. This is done by removing the excess fat in the eyelids. The term eyelid lift is a misnomer, for the eyelids are never really lifted during the surgery. When the eyelids look heavy, they not only give an appearance of being old but also hamper vision. This surgery helps such people to look better. The doctor discusses the potential risks and prepares the patient for the surgery. It is done only after proper examination. You should also obtain a certificate of no preexisting medical conditions from your doctor to move ahead with this surgery.

When is it done?

If you want to lift your eyelids with the blepharoplasty surgery, you need to be in a good health condition. If you are a
diabetic, you need to consult your doctor, and if allowed, need to stick to the allowed blood sugar levels during the course of treatment.

How is it done?

The upper blepharoplasty involves removing the skin and fat from the eyelids. Then a thin stitch is used to pull the skin together. This helps in creating an eyelid crease. In lower blepharoplasty, an incision is made under the lash. This is called transconjunctival approach and there are no visible incisions after this procedure. The lines and wrinkles can be removed with laser resurfacing. Both these procedures can be conducted together if needed. In people who want a Western look, double eyelid surgery is conducted. This is also called the Asian eyelid surgery.

Recovery

The surgery needs a short recovery time. Swelling and bruises can be experienced after the surgery, and for 48 hours, cool compressions are given to bring them down. The bandages can be placed on the incision sites for many days. It may take around 10 days to get back to your normal activities.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

A cosmetic surgery is performed without any medical necessity. Most of them are conducted to build the confidence levels of the patient and improve their aesthetics. Breast augmentation or mammoplasty is one of them. Breast implants and fats are transferred to the breasts to make them look bigger. At times, pregnancy or weight loss can lead to loss of volume of breasts. This certainly never looks pleasing, and at times can lead to emotional disturbances in women. Mammoplasty is a cosmetic procedure used to increase the size of the breasts. It is also conducted in patients who have had a breast removal or mastectomy as a part of breast cancer treatment.

When is it done?

This procedure is only conducted in women who are not satisfied with the small size of their breasts or those who have had a mastectomy or complete breast cancer removal. This procedure is not recommended for women who have severely drooping breasts. In such cases, breast lift with breast augmentation surgery is done. This prevents the sagging and gives lifted and fuller appearance. To undergo this procedure, one should not be pregnant or a nursing mother.

How is it done?

During this surgery, implants are placed behind the existing breasts to give them a fuller and bigger appearance. Breast implants are silicone or saline-filled sacs. The procedure is done under general anesthesia. The incision can be made on the breasts or under the arm. When the implants are placed by cutting around the areola, the nipples can lose sensation and breastfeeding can be affected. In a few cases, the belly button area is used to insert an implant and moved to the chest area. Once it reaches there, saline is filled into the sac. Another method called fat transfer breast augmentation is conducted in some patients. In this procedure, fat tissue extracted from a body area is extracted and transferred to the breast area to improve the volume.

Recovery

Recovery takes around six weeks after the procedure. You need to wear a surgical bra for a few weeks, and should not lift heavy objects for at least six weeks. Drainage tubes are placed near the breasts to remove the fluid that may get accumulated. When the level of drainage falls below a certain level, the drainage is removed.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Breasts that are disproportionate, saggy, or smaller in size lower the confidence levels in many women. Modern-day surgery can help such women have beautiful, uplifted, and contoured breasts. The surgery is customized to suit the needs of the different women. The breast lift surgery helps in making the sagging breasts firm and youthful and adds to the beauty of the women. The excess skin stretched across the breasts is removed and the breast tissues are reshaped. The areola, too, can be reshaped and the surgery can help regain the right proportion and size of the breasts that a woman desires. A woman suffering from drooping breasts, weight loss, and other aesthetic issues can opt to undergo a breast lift surgery.

When is it performed?

When you have unusually shaped breasts, or when the breasts are in asymmetrical shape, opting for breast lift surgery is a good choice. You can also go for this surgery when you feel your nipples point downward. If you are not comfortable wearing bra or swimsuits or if your breasts make you feel less confident, then try this surgery.

How is it performed?

To conduct the breast lift surgery, cosmetic surgeons try a range of incisions. The techniques vary, based on how the breasts of the woman look or how low do they droop. The excess skin to be removed and the actual requirements of the patients play a vital role. A small incision is made on the top edge of the areola when the patient wants to lift the breast minimally. Peri-areolar lift is considered in women who suffer from mild sagging. The incision, in this case, runs around the edge of the areola. When entire breast has to be remodeled and the scars should remain hidden, a lollipop lift is preferred.

Recovery

This is an outpatient procedure and usually conducted under local anesthesia. A surgical bra is used to secure the breast. After the surgery, swelling and soreness are experienced by a few women. Pain medications are administered to help overcome the discomfort. Women are advised to sleep on the back for at least six weeks after the surgery.

 

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Women with large breasts may feel a lot of stress because of self-image issues. Because of emotional and physical issues, they often go the surgical route to reduce the size of the breasts. Breast reduction procedure helps them to achieve a smaller breast size. It is not easy to live with bigger breasts. Social stigma, obstacles in performing physical activities, wardrobe concerns, and reduce confidence often cause distress in women with bigger breasts. Women with larger than usual breasts are also not able to live an active life. Breast reduction surgery can help such women gain confidence and enjoy an active lifestyle.

When is it done?

This surgery is conducted in case of women with larger breasts, who are overall physically healthy. You should quit smoking if you want to undergo this procedure. If you are a sportswoman and feel your breasts are causing a trouble, you can choose this surgery. It is conducted only when a woman with bigger breasts is suffering from emotional distress because of it and her lifestyle is also affected.

How is it done?

This procedure involves removing excess fat, skin, and glandular tissues from the breast to give a proportionate shape to the breasts. Excision techniques are often used, and at times, liposuction can be used to remove excess fat from the breasts. During the same procedure, the chest region is sculpted and contoured by the surgeon to give the desired shape. The surgery helps in reducing the size immediately and can leave visible scars. But they are covered under a bra or a swimsuit.

Recovery

For the breasts to heal, bandages are fixed around the bra. A thin tube for draining of blood or fluid is placed for a few days. The drain is removed after the amount of fluid collected in the pump attached to the drain falls below a certain level. Oral aids and topical medications are prescribed for faster healing of incisions. You should not risk lifting weight for at least six weeks after the surgery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

The excess skin in the buttock and thighs removed in the buttock lift surgery. Sagging buttocks are given a new look, adding to the aesthetics. This cosmetic surgery is often a part of belt lipectomy and helps in regaining the shape of the buttock, thighs, and lower abdomen. Buttocks can become saggy due to weight loss or the same can happen with aging. After this surgery, you might face a change in the skin sensation or accumulation of fluid under the skin. You may even experience scarring and poor wound healing. This surgery does not improve the quality of the skin.

When is it done?

This surgery is done after a thorough medical examination. Your physician asks a number of questions before going ahead with this surgery. To go ahead with this surgery, you need to stop smoking. Give a detailed description of the pre-historical condition and the medicines you take for the same. You are also asked to maintain a stable weight for at least a few weeks before the surgery.

How is it done?

An incision is made in the lower back. The excess skin or fat is pulled out through this incision during the surgery. To bring down the chances of infection, antibiotics are given. This is an outpatient procedure that takes a maximum of six hours. A surficial dressing is done on the incision to keep the wound clean. Drains are placed under the dressing to remove the fluids that come out of the incision. To contour the areas around buttocks, thighs, and groin, liposuction is sometimes used during the surgery.

Recovery

After the surgery, you will have to wear compression garments for a few weeks. Mild pain is experienced after the effect of the anesthesia wears off. You cannot stress yourself with physical activities. The recovery takes three to four weeks. Get to know from the surgeon about the sitting and sleeping postures.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Acne scars, excessive exposure to heat and sun, and injury can leave the skin rough. Supple skin is what all people love and rough skin means the skin is never natural and beautiful. The skin can be made smooth using the laser technology. This is called chemical peeling. The skin is replaced and regeneration takes place after the treatment. This also leaves the skin less wrinkled and smooth. This treatment works for the people who are fair-skinned. Even dark-skinned people can go for this but the results may differ and completely depends on the requirements.

When is it performed?

When you want to remove the fine lines around the mouth and nose, skin refinishing is a good choice. This treatment helps in reducing or eliminating age spots and helps in making one look younger. Scars can be reduced and in fact, a few scars can be eliminated altogether. The skin’s dull texture can be removed with the help of this procedure. If you are looking for any of these results, then this treatment can be performed.

How is it performed?

The procedure is performed in the office of a dermatologist. To begin with the procedure, the surgeon covers the eyes and the hair. Then the skin is cleansed completely to remove any traces of oil. Glycolic acid, salicylic acid, trichloroacetic acid, or lactic acid is applied on the skin to enable the process of skin regeneration. The doctor asks to stop taking any medication before going for this surgery. Medications are usually advised for at least two weeks before the surgery. A burning sensation is felt during the procedure, which fades off in a few days.

Recovery

The treated skin is covered with a bandage for many days. Also, exposure to the sun is to be avoided for several weeks or a few months. This is because the skin is fragile after the procedure. The treatment is repeated after 12 weeks.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Drooping and asymmetrical ears can pose a face to be less beautiful in spite of the other features being good. This can lead to psychological problems in children, as they are often teased by their classmates and peers. Even adults do not want their ears to look awful. They try to grow hair long, maintain big side buns, and try various hats to hide the asymmetrical ears. Ear plastic surgery is a boon for these people. This surgery can correct the shape and size of the ears, and add to the confidence level of the patients.

When is it performed?

When you are not happy with the shape and size of your ears or the ears look asymmetrical, then you can go for this surgery. As the ears are a prominent part of the face, the looks are drastically improved with the surgery. The surgery is carried out in children who are above 5 years of age and less than 15 years. In younger children, the stitches cannot hold still.

How is it performed?

This is an outpatient procedure and often takes not more than two hours. But if it is a complicated surgery, then it may take longer than that. During the whole procedure, the patient has to sleep, so general anesthetic is given. In adults, local anesthesia is given. The excess skin removed and cartilage is reshaped during the surgery. When the ear is repositioned, non-removable stitches are used to seal the position. The ears are moved towards the head if they are protruding. Based on the requirements of the patient, the surgical technique is chosen.

Recovery

Fluid drips are attached after the surgery. The patient is made to stay overnight in case of any complication or sent home on the same day. Bandages are used to secure the stitches. The scars usually fade after a couple of months. In a week, one can get back to school or work but the physical activities are restricted for a few weeks.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Facelift, also known as rhytidectomy, is a cosmetic surgery that removes the signs of aging such as fine lines and wrinkles from the face and neck. It results in a more youthful look. The procedure removes the excess facial skin and may or may not tighten the tissues underlying the skin. With the advancement of technology, the facelift surgical process has also improved. It is now performed using laser or a laparoscope, which are minimally invasive techniques. A facial facelift is a popular surgical technique among men and women who want to get rid of wrinkles, saggy skin, and fine lines.

When is it performed?

A facelift is performed when the skin on the face and neck becomes loose and facial wrinkles surface, making it look old and rough. It is recommended to patients above 50 years of age and the individual should be in good health to be recommended for the surgery. Those suffering from a serious disease are not the right candidates for the surgery.

How is it performed?

A facelift is performed under general or local anesthesia and it may take two to five hours, depending on the patient’s case. In the open surgery, the surgeon makes cuts near the temples and using the instrument, removes the excess skin. Later, it is sealed with the help of sutures or staples. In laser and laparoscopic surgery, laser and endoscope are used to conduct the surgery and these lead to smaller incisions, which fasten the healing and also helps deliver quicker results.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day as the day of surgery but the recovery may take two to four weeks. Pain and swelling would persist for a few days and the doctor prescribes medications for the same. The bandages and sutures are removed after five to ten days and during this time the patient must adhere to the instructions of the doctor regarding bathing and washing.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Facial line filling is a cosmetic procedure that helps to get rid of fines lines and wrinkles. It is done with injectable wrinkle fillers that also give volume to the skin that has become loose or saggy because of aging. The fillers smooth out the facial skin and also give volume to the hollow parts of the face such as chin, cheeks, temples, and jawline. These spots are prone to losing volume and also get creases earlier in comparison to other spots. With fillers, the creases are removed and the lost volume is restored.

When is it performed?

Facial line filling is performed on those patients who have visible fine lines and wrinkles on their face. Young people are not advised this treatment as it can do more harm than good. Proper assessment of the skin is done before the procedure as all wrinkle-fillers are not suitable for every patient.

How is it performed?

Facial line filling is done with the help of injectable wrinkle fillers and the fillers include hyaluronic acid, synthetic substances, collagen, fat, and botox. The patient’s skin is examined before injecting the filler and the process takes around 30 to 45 minutes, depending on the condition of the skin. In case of fat filler, fat is first extracted from the stomach, thighs, or buttocks of the patient. The filling is performed by certified dermatologists in their clinic.

Recovery

Facial line filling is a safe procedure and the patient can go home immediately after the filling. However, redness, discoloration, bumps, pain, and swelling may occur in the skin as a result of an allergy, which goes away in a few days. The dermatologist may prescribe some medication if needed. The effect of filler lasts from six to twelve months and the patient must follow the instructions of the doctor to keep the effects intact.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Forehead/brow lift is a plastic surgery that removes the wrinkles and lines on the forehead and around the eyebrows. It is opted by men and women in large numbers to get back the smooth and youthful look that gets lost due to aging. Constant muscle movement on the forehead gives rise to lines and wrinkles, which makes one look older but this surgery is a great remedy for those looking to get natural and lasting results. Forehead or brow lift smoothens the skin and brings back the soft and even texture.

When is it performed?

Forehead/brow lift is performed by certified dermatologists on patients who have wrinkles and lines on their forehead. Normally, people above 40 and 50 go for this procedure but it may also be recommended to people in their 30s if they have developed wrinkles. However, a thorough examination is a must before the surgery to determine if the surgery is needed or not.

How is it performed?

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and takes around one to two hours, depending on the condition of the skin. The surgeon makes incisions on the forehead below the hairline. In the latest endoscopic surgery, small incisions are made behind the hairline with the help of an endoscope. Then the skin is lifted, the wrinkles are made smooth, the brows repositioned, and the excess skin is removed. Lastly, the incisions are sealed with sutures.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day after the surgery but the recovery time varies between five to ten days, depending on the complexity of the procedure. After the surgery, the patient has to wear the bandages for a couple of days and follow the medication and lifestyle instructions advised by the doctor. Swelling, redness, and pain are common after the surgery but go away as the wounds heal.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Hair loss is one of the major problems many people face today, regardless of their age and sex. If you are concerned about hair loss, you may have to try to stop your hair from falling with the help of different interventions. Foods, medications and home remedies do not help always. When there is no single reason for the issue, you can turn to the surgical procedure to get the desired results. Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure in which the hair follicles from one area of the scalp are transferred to the affected area. A few areas of the body are resistant to balding, for instance, the back of the head and eyelashes never go hair-free. Hair follicles are transferred from this donor site to the bald area.

When is it done?

If you are going bald, stop responding to treatment, or are looking for a hair growth treatment that definitely works, then hair transplantation is the only way out. When you opt for the hair transplantation procedure, the surgeon discusses the options available to you. You can choose the treatment based on your hair type and other requirements. 

How is it done?

During the procedure, the scalp is shampooed and an antibacterial agent is also used to treat the scalp. Local anesthesia is given to ensure you don’t feel any pain during the procedure. Strip harvesting is a common technique where the skin from the posterior scalp with good hair growth is transferred. The donor area is left with a thin linear scar. Another popular method is the follicular unit extraction (FUE). 

Local anesthesia is given and one to four hair with follicular units are removed and transferred. It takes time to extract 200 hair and the procedure is done in sessions and may last for over a few days. However, the sessions are not conducted on a daily basis. 

Recovery

After hair transplantation, a semi-permeable dressing is done for the absorption of fluids and blood leaked from the tissues. The area is to be safeguarded from the sun as it is quite vulnerable. After two days of the surgery, shampooing is allowed. Shampooing is mandatory every day for the first 10 days to prevent scabs.

 

 

 

Introduction

Hair loss is one of the major problems many people face today, regardless of their age and sex. If you are concerned about hair loss, you may have to try to stop your hair from falling with the help of different interventions. Foods, medications and home remedies do not help always. When there is no single reason for the issue, you can turn to the surgical procedure to get the desired results. Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure in which the hair follicles from one area of the scalp are transferred to the affected area. A few areas of the body are resistant to balding, for instance, the back of the head and eyelashes never go hair-free. Hair follicles are transferred from this donor site to the bald area.

When is it done?

If you are going bald, stop responding to treatment, or are looking for a hair growth treatment that definitely works, then hair transplantation is the only way out. When you opt for the hair transplantation procedure, the surgeon discusses the options available to you. You can choose the treatment based on your hair type and other requirements.

How is it done?

During the procedure, the scalp is shampooed and an antibacterial agent is also used to treat the scalp. Local anesthesia is given to ensure you don’t feel any pain during the procedure. Strip harvesting is a common technique where the skin from the posterior scalp with good hair growth is transferred. The donor area is left with a thin linear scar. Another popular method is the follicular unit extraction (FUE).

Local anesthesia is given and one to four hair with follicular units are removed and transferred. It takes time to extract 200 hair and the procedure is done in sessions and may last for over a few days. However, the sessions are not conducted on a daily basis.

Recovery

After hair transplantation, a semi-permeable dressing is done for the absorption of fluids and blood leaked from the tissues. The area is to be safeguarded from the sun as it is quite vulnerable. After two days of the surgery, shampooing is allowed. Shampooing is mandatory every day for the first 10 days to prevent scabs.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Injectable fillers are a cosmetic remedy for fine lines and loose and hollow skin that take away the youthful appearance of the skin making it look dull and old. As one age, the skin loses its ability to rejuvenate itself and the underlying tissues begin to break down. This may lead to laugh lines, crow’s feet (wrinkles under the eye), and facial creases. The skin also begins to sink at various spots and sheds volume. Injectable fillers treat the wrinkles and hollowness and the effects last from six months to one year.

When is it performed?

Normally, fillers are recommended to patients above the age of 40. This is when age-related changes begin to show on the skin but that does not mean that younger patients cannot go for the treatment. It is performed to add volume to the sunken areas, lips, even out the fine lines, wrinkles, and lift the sagging skin.

How is it performed?

Injectable fillers come in various forms. The fillers can be collagen (a natural protein), fat (taken from the body), hyaluronic acid (a natural substance found in the body), hydroxylapatite (a mineral like compound), and polymethylmethacrylate or PMMA (PMMA microspheres suspended in purified collagen gel). The fillers are injected into the skin after cleaning and numbing the skin with an antibacterial solution and an extremely cold instrument. Before that, the mapping is done to identify the appropriate injection sites. The procedure takes around 30 to 45 minutes or longer, depending on the condition of the skin. It is performed by a certified dermatologist in his or her clinic.

Recovery

The procedure is non-surgical in nature and the patient can go home the same day and resume normal activities. It is common to experience swelling, pain, and bruises after the procedure but it lasts only for a few days. Cold compresses and ointment may be prescribed by the dermatologist to ease the discomfort and one should follow all the guidelines. One should also stay away from the sun for 48 hours and follow the prescribed dos and don’ts.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty or lipo, is a cosmetic surgery technique that is used to suck out fat from the body. It is a popular surgery among people looking to get rid of flab from their body and it is mostly used on the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, arms, chin, neck, and back to give it a better shape. It is conducted by cosmetic surgeons and leads to an improved aesthetic appearance for the body. The surgery is known to give results only when the patient follows a healthy lifestyle after the surgery.

When is it performed?

Liposuction is performed on patients above 18 years and with excess flab on their body. It is mostly recommended to those who have a healthy weight and good skin elasticity. Those with circulation or blood flow disorders such as diabetes, coronary artery disease, or a weakened immune system are not advised to undergo liposuction.

How is it performed?

It is performed under general or local anesthesia and the surgical procedure can last from one to four hours. The surgeon uses a hollow instrument called a cannula, which is inserted under the skin and then a high-pressure vacuum is applied with force to suck out the fat. In ultrasound-assisted liposuction, the energized cannula melts away the fat and in laser-assisted lipolysis, laser energy and heat melts the fat. In tumescent liposuction, a saline solution is pumped into the skin area that is to be operated and then fat is sucked out with suction tubes.

Recovery

The patient is discharged on the same day as the day of operation but recovery takes a few weeks. Swelling, bruises, and pain are common around the surgery site for a few weeks and the patient can take the prescribed medicines to reduce the pain. The patient can return to work in a few days and can resume normal activities after two weeks.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Male breast reduction is a surgery that is conducted to treat enlarged breasts in men. This condition may be the result of hormonal imbalance, genetic disorder, or usage of specific drugs. It impacts the psychological well-being of the man affected by the condition and they go for this surgery to get rid of the breasts. The surgical procedure is conducted by expert surgeons and is performed using liposuction and excision techniques in which fat is sucked out and the excess breast tissues are removed, resulting in a flat chest.

When is it performed?

It is performed on males above 18 years who are suffering from the condition of enlarged breasts. It is recommended to those who are healthy and do not suffer from any serious disease. Those who have normal body weight and elastic skin are the best fit for the surgery. It is normally recommended only after exercise and diet changes have failed to produce satisfactory results.

How is it performed?

Male breast reduction is performed under general or local anesthesia and may take around an hour or lesser, depending on the breast size. It is performed using liposuction techniques when the fatty deposits are the reason for enlarged breasts. In this technique, incisions are made in the chest and a cannula (a tube-like device) is inserted, which is moved in a controlled manner to loosen the fat and once loosened, the fat is removed from the chest. In other cases, the excess tissue is removed using open surgery.

Recovery

The patient needs to stay in the hospital for a day after the surgery but the recovery takes weeks. The surgical wounds take time to heal and the pain and swelling go away in two to three days. The patient must wear the pressure garment prescribed by the doctor as it fastens recovery. The patient can resume office activities after two or three days but should wait for four to six weeks to resume heavy physical activities.

 

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Mentoplasty, also known as genioplasty or chinplasty, is a cosmetic surgery that corrects a malformed chin by adding to or reducing the chin through the operation. It is done using surgical implants and the surgeon also reshapes the facial bones to achieve a desirable chin shape. This surgery is often performed with rhinoplasty to create a balanced facial appearance. Mentoplasty results in a better profile for the individual and is a popular surgical option for those who are not happy with the way their chin looks and want to have a proportionate-looking chin.

When is it performed?

Mentoplasty is performed in people who have a recessive chin or a chin that is excessively protruding. It is recommended to people above 18 years and to those who are not suffering from any serious disease, otherwise, it could lead to complications.

How is it performed?

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a plastic surgeon. It can take anywhere from 45 minutes to more than an hour, depending on the complexity of the case. In case of chin augmentation, chin implants (which can be bones harvested from the patient’s body or polyethylene or silicone) are inserted inside the chin after making incisions and then the cuts are stitched. In case of chin reduction, the facial bones are removed to give a normal contour to the chin.

Recovery

The recovery takes several weeks but the patient is discharged on the same day of the surgery. Swelling and pain in the chin area are normal and the doctor prescribes medications for the same. One can resume normal routine after a week but strenuous activity should be avoided until complete recovery, which takes more than a month. Also, necessary precautions about diet, brushing, and handling the chin should be followed.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Your nose adds to the beauty when in perfect shape. However, not all are blessed with a perfect nose. If you feel your nose may need some reshaping to add to the harmony of the face, rhinoplasty is an attractive option. Cosmetic rhinoplasty is also often known as nose reshaping or nose job. This procedure can be used to correct impaired breathing, and also correct the structure of the nose. You need to discuss rhinoplasty with your surgeon. The methods and medications can vary, depending on whether you want to undergo it for health reasons or cosmetic purposes. You can improve your natural beauty with this procedure but there is nothing called a perfect nose.

When is it done?

Your surgeon first evaluates the facial features. Only if he or she feels that your needs are realistic, then only a surgery is conducted. However, if your overall health does not allow it, you will be asked to wait until it gets better. Your surgeon will narrate what he or she is about to do and will take your consent before proceeding.

How is it done?

This is an outpatient procedure and is done under general anesthesia. At times, the surgeon will also suggest local anesthesia. The cut is made within the nostrils unless it is a complicated case, where one has to cut the base of the nose. The inner bone and the cartilage are reshaped to get the desired outcome. A nasal splint has to be worn for a few weeks so that the desired outcomes are achieved. Only when the nose heals completely, you can expect to see the desired change.

Recovery

There will be swelling and bruises around the nose and eyes after the surgery. It can last for somewhere around three days to two weeks. You cannot do any strenuous activities for three months and can return to work after that.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Sclerotherapy is a cosmetic surgical procedure that cures spider veins. Spider veins are web-like networks of blood vessels that develop close to the surface of the skin on the leg or feet and are blue, red, or purple in appearance. They are not painful in most cases but do reduce the aesthetic beauty of the leg. They are visible on bare legs and many women want to get rid of them. For such women, sclerotherapy is an effective treatment that destroys these twisted vessels and results in smooth and normal-looking legs.

When is it performed?

Sclerotherapy is suitable for spider veins that are smaller in size and does not work in the case of varicose veins. It is recommended only when medications and alternative treatments have failed to work. An examination of the veins is conducted before the surgery and the doctor also makes sure that the patient is in good health so that the therapy does not lead to complications.

How is it performed?

During the procedure, the doctor injects sclerosant solution into the spider vein to damage the inner lining of the vein. This produces a clot, leading to the elimination of the twisted blood vessel. During the entire procedure, the legs are kept in an elevated position to drain the blood and it takes anything from 10 to 30 minutes to complete the procedure. The time depends on the number of spider veins and their size. The patient may need to repeat the sessions if the veins are more widespread. The procedure is also conducted with the latest minimally invasive technique in which the sclerosant solution is injected with a catheter.

Recovery

The patient gets discharged immediately after the procedure but may experience swelling or discomfort around the site of the surgery for a few days. The doctor may prescribe a few medications for relief. For recovery, the patient must wear compressed stockings and abstain from sitting and standing for long hours. Also, the legs should be protected from an exposure to the sun for two weeks.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

A cochlear implant is an electronic medical device that can take over the functioning of the damaged inner ear contributing to hearing loss. This device works by sending sound signals directly to the brain. This technology helps people with moderate to severe hearing loss. Hairs cells in the inner ear called cochlea, when damaged, can lead to loss of hearing. The implant helps people who suffer from a damage to the cochlea. It was invented in 1961 by Dr. William House. Blair Simmons and Robert J. White, in 1964, implanted the device in the patient’s cochlea in the Stanford University for the first time.

When it is performed?

When a candidate suffers from severe hearing loss and does not find hearing aids useful, a cochlear implantation surgery can be performed. It is conducted when the patient scores less than 50 percent in the sentence recognition tests conducted by the doctor in the ear with damaged cochlea or when the patient scores less than 60 percent in the non-implanted ear.

How it is performed?

This surgical procedure is conducted under the influence of general anaesthesia. During the procedure, an incision is made behind the ear to expose the inner ear or the mastoid bone. The cochlea is then accessed to implant the electrodes. The receiver of the implant is placed under the skin behind the ear, secured to the skull. The incisions are closed and the patient is sent to the recovery room.

Recovery

The scar resulting due to the incision will heal with time and eventually fade off. For a few days, headache, dizziness, and popping in the ear can be experienced. The implant is not activated till the incision is healed and therefore, improvement in hearing takes time. It is possible to get back to work after two weeks of the surgery. A speech therapist later helps with making the best use of the implant.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Laryngectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the larynx or the voice box. It is of two types – partial and complete laryngectomy. Only an experienced ENT surgeon is able to decide which procedure will be the best for the patient, based on his or her health condition. People who suffer from laryngeal cancer are recommended to undergo this surgery. The larynx is present in the throat and houses the vocal cords. The nose and mouth are connected to the lungs by the larynx. It plays an important role in normal breathing, eating, and drinking.

When is it performed?

This surgery is performed in patients suffering from laryngeal cancer. When conservative treatments fail to help, laryngectomy is considered as the best possible option. This surgery is also performed when someone has survived a severe injury in the neck region or when the larynx stemming is damaged because of radiation treatment.

How is it performed?

Laryngectomy is a tedious procedure that takes at least 5 to a maximum of 12 hours to complete. General anesthesia is given to the patients before the surgery. Incisions are made in the neck and through this, the larynx and the nearby lymph nodes are removed. A permanent hole in the neck called a stoma is created by the doctor after removing the larynx. This is done to help the patient breathe after the surgery. The stoma is directly linked to the lungs. When the surgery is completed, the throat muscles and skin are closed with sutures. The drainage tubes are placed in the neck, which remains as is for many days to remove the fluids and blood after the surgery.

Recovery

The patient spends a few days in the hospital and breathes through the stoma. Oral feeding is not possible until the throat heals completely. The patient is fed through the tube that is directly connected to the stomach. Severe pain and swelling are experienced in the neck region. The recovery phase also includes learning how to breathe and swallow. Overall, it may take patients a couple of months to adjust to the new lifestyle and routine after the removal of the voice box.

 

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

In the regions where the sinus opens into the nasal cavity, growths in the shape of a tear develop on the lining of the nose. This condition can result in constant swelling and chronic sinusitis. When small, these non-cancerous growths may often go unnoticed and undiagnosed. You may often experience headaches, find it difficult to breathe, and start snoring if you have nasal polyps. Severe sinus and nasal obstruction may also result. If the symptoms worsen, it becomes essential to remove the nasal polyps. Asthma, allergies, cystic fibroids, hay fever, and immune disorders are a few of the symptoms that cause this condition.

When is it performed?

The first step in the treatment of nasal polyps is to administer conservative treatment. Your doctor may prescribe nasal steroid sprays, antibiotics, antihistamines, antibiotics, or oral steroid pills in the initial stage. These help in removing the blockages and clear off bacteria that cause the sinus infection. If these do not work or control the symptoms, a nasal polyp surgery is recommended.

How is it performed?

The nasal polyp surgery is called polypectomy and it is performed using an endoscope. The device, with its camera, helps the doctor to get a clear picture of the nose and sinuses. The procedure aims at removing the polyps and even other tissues that can be the cause of the problem. This surgery can be done in combination with other surgeries that aim at treating sinusitis. Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery is a classic example. This surgery increases the pathways to help the mucus drain faster and prevents fluid or mucus build up in the breathing pathways. Balloon sinuplasty involves a catheter, which is inserted into the nose and helps widen the pathway to aid in the sinus drainage.

Recovery

The recovery takes about two weeks and the patient may get back to his or her normal routine within this time frame. You may feel tired and also experience nasal bleeding. But these after-effects of the surgery last for just a day or two. There is absolutely no or minimal pain after the surgery, which is managed with the help of painkillers. Nasal congestion will linger for a few days but after this, the tough days are over.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

The nose is divided into two nostrils, separated by a wall called septum. When the septum is a little deviated to either side of the nose, the condition is known as a deviated septum. This may result due to an injury and in a few cases, this condition is present from birth. The nasal passage is smaller when the septum is deviated, which may cause breathing difficulties. Pain in the face and occasional bleeding, too, are the symptoms of a deviated septum. In such cases, only a surgery can be helpful. To correct the deviated septum, a procedure called septoplasty is performed. This makes breathing easier for the candidate as it straightens the septum.

When is it performed?

Septoplasty is performed only in case of excessive bleeding and obstructed breathing. To perform a septoplasty, preparations are done two weeks prior to the surgery. Certain medications are stopped; usually, aspirin, ibuprofen, and other blood thinners should be stopped at least two weeks before the surgery to prevent excessive bleeding. The surgery is only performed when the patient does not have chronic diabetes or hypertension. In the presence of bleeding diathesis as well, septoplasty should not be conducted.

How is it performed?

Septoplasty lasts for a maximum of 90 minutes if the condition is severe. In other cases, the procedure takes just 30 minutes. Based on the duration and severity, either general or local anesthesia is administered to the patient. An incision is made on one side of the nose so that the surgeon can access the septum. The mucous membrane is lifted and the deviated septum is moved to the correct position. After this, the surgeon removes any extra material causing an obstruction. It can be a bone or a cartilage. The mucous membrane, which is the protective layer of the septum, is repositioned as the last step. While cotton is enough to place the septum in its place, stitches might be required.

Recovery

The nose is left swollen and painful after the surgery and it may bleed as well. Cotton is used to for a few days until the bleeding is controlled. The packing is taken off in two days. Any blood-thinning medicines must be avoided and physical activity should not be carried out for a few weeks. Any form of exercise or weight lifting should be avoided for a few days unless the doctors approve of it.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Tympanoplasty is a type of an ear surgery in which the torn or damaged eardrum is repaired. This is done to reconstruct the tympanic membrane and remove the infected mastoid cells from the middle ear (mastoidectomy). An ongoing ear infection is treated in this surgery and a graft is used to cover the damaged tympanic membrane. Marcus Banzer was the first scientist to attempt the repair of the tympanic membrane. He used an ivory tube that was covered with the bladder of a pig. Later, artificial eardrums were developed by scientists James Yearsley and Joseph Toynbee.

When is it performed?

Tympanoplasty is performed when the tympanic membrane or the eardrum develops a perforation. A perforation is a result of a defect in the middle layer of the ear. The middle layer possesses the elastic collagen fibers. When the perforations are small, no surgery is required. Further complications arise when insufficient blood supply may lead to an infection and hamper the healing of the hole in the eardrum. Perforations can also occur because of a slap, injury, or entry of foreign particles in the ear.

How is it performed?

Tympanoplasty is classified into five types. Type 1, also known as myringoplasty, is done to restore the perforated eardrum through grafting. When erosion of the malleus bone is present, type 2 surgery is performed. It involves grafting of the incus bone. Type 3 tympanoplasty involves grafting of the stapes bone and it offers protection to the assembly. When ossicular damage occurs, type 4 tympanoplasty is conducted. In this type, the grafting of the mobile stapes footplate is done. Type 5 tympanoplasty is carried out when the staples’ footplate is fixed. Based on the type of the surgery, local or general anesthesia is administered to the patient. After making an incision, the surgeon uses a microscope to see the enlarged ear structures and conduct repair.

Recovery

Tympanoplasty does not require a hospital stay. The patient is discharged within three hours of the surgery and can get back to work within five days. In case the job involves strenuous activities, the patient must avoid going to work for at least three weeks. Blowing of nose and exposure of the ear to water must be avoided. In case of allergies or cold, antibiotics are prescribed. Painkillers are prescribed to relieve the pain after the surgery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

ICSI or intracytoplasmic sperm injection is an in vitro fertilization technique in which the sperm is directly injected into the egg for fertilization. A medical procedure that precedes this technique is a testicular biopsy, which is used to take tissue samples from the testicles for testing in the labs. ICSI with testicular biopsy is a popular treatment to cure male infertility. A testicular biopsy helps to determine the cause of infertility. It confirms whether there is a defect in sperm production, development, or its ability to fertilize the egg.

When is it performed?

ICSI with testicular biopsy is performed in cases of male infertility where the sperm count is low, quality of sperm is poor, or when the sperm cannot fertilize the egg. The biopsy reveals the reason for male infertility and with ICSI, in vitro fertilization is performed to help a man have a baby.

How is it performed?

Testicular biopsy is performed under general anesthesia, sedatives, or local anesthesia. It takes around 15 to 20 minutes. The doctor inserts a needle through the testicle and takes out a tissue sample which is then sent to the lab for testing. In case of ICSI, the sperm-containing fluid is collected from the optimal areas of the epididymis with the help of an operating microscope that provides high-power optical magnification. The sperms are retrieved from this fluid and then injected into the egg. The sample is taken on the same day when the eggs are collected.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day after a testicular biopsy. Some discomfort, swelling, bleeding, or discoloration is common after the procedure but it goes away after a few days. The patient must follow the instructions of the doctor, which include the application of a medicated ointment, keeping the biopsy site clean and dry, refraining from sexual activity for one to two weeks and wearing the athletic support for a few days.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) refers to the fertility treatment in which a sperm is placed inside the uterus of a woman to establish a pregnancy. It is an assisted reproductive technology that is done with the motive of increasing the concentration of sperms in the uterus so that they reach the Fallopian tubes and increase the chances of fertilization around ovulation. It is done in several cases of male and female infertility and is a simple and painless procedure that is opted by many couples looking to have a baby.

When is it performed?

It is performed when the couple is suffering from unexplained infertility, the woman has a hostile cervical condition that renders fertilization unsuccessful, there is cervical scar tissue due to some previous surgical procedure, or when the male partner suffers from ejaculation dysfunction. It is recommended after proper examination of the couple and not conducted in cases when the woman has a disease of the Fallopian tubes, suffers from endometriosis, or has a history of a pelvic infection.

How is it performed?

IUI is performed by trained fertility specialists and takes around 15 to 20 minutes to complete. It is performed around the time of ovulation. She may be given ovulation stimulation drugs before the procedure. In the procedure, the semen sample of the male is washed to separate the normal and highly active sperm. Then these sperms are placed in the uterus with the help of a catheter that carries the concentrated sample of the sperms. These specially-treated sperms enhance the chances of fertilization.

Recovery

The patient is discharged the same day as the day the procedure and can resume normal routine in hours. Slight spotting or pain is normal after the insemination and the patient may also develop an infection. Heavy strenuous activity should be avoided for a day or two and the patient must report to the doctor for a scheduled check-up after the procedure.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

IVF with egg donation refers to the assisted reproductive technique in which eggs of a donor are fertilized with the sperm and then transplanted into the uterus of the woman who wishes to conceive a baby. This is a helpful procedure for women who are suffering from infertility or do not produce sufficient eggs during ovulation. In this technique, the eggs of the donor are retrieved from the egg bank where they are kept frozen under special conditions. The identity of the donor is kept confidential and the woman can select the egg on her own. This is a popular procedure among women who are aged 35 and or do not have sufficient egg reserve.

When is it performed?

IVF with egg donation is performed in those cases where the woman has undergone premature menopause, has a lesser ovarian reserve, or if there are greater chances of a genetic disease to the baby. This technique is recommended when it is established that the eggs of the woman are not fit for fertilization.

How is it performed?

The procedure is performed in several steps. In the first stage, the eggs are retrieved from the egg bank where they are stored after proper screening. After the retrieval, the egg is made to undergo IVF in a lab, which is done by an IVF specialist. Afterward, the embryo is transplanted into the uterus of the woman using a catheter, which is inserted into the vagina and the implant is completed. This procedure takes several minutes.

Recovery

After IVF with donor eggs, the patient can go home the same day. Slight cramps or bleeding is normal after the procedure but it goes away after a day. However, the doctors advise against strenuous activity for a few days after the procedure. If the patient experiences any discomfort, the doctor should be immediately consulted.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

IVF and ICSI are assisted reproductive technologies that help achieve a pregnancy. In both the procedures, the egg and sperm are collected from the woman and man, respectively but the difference begins after the collection. In IVF, the egg and sperm fertilize naturally outside the uterus but in ICSI, the fertilization is conducted by the doctors through a special technology. ICSI works in the cases of severe male infertility where natural fertilization is impossible. It also works in the cases wherein IVF has failed to work. IVF and ICSI are popular infertility treatments and have helped many couples conceive.

When is it done?

IVF is done when a woman has ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, endometriosis, fibroids in the uterus, damaged or blocked Fallopian tube or in the case of unexplained fertility. ICSI is conducted when the sperm count is low, the sperms have a functional disability, or if there is semen abnormality. ICSI is recommended to those patients who have not achieved success with IVF.

How is it done?

IVF is conducted by expert gynecologists in their clinic through a series of procedures. It involves screening of the egg and sperm, their retrieval and then fertilization, which is carried out in a petridish. The resulting zygote is then transplanted into the uterus. In ICSI, a single sperm is picked and fertilized with the egg using special equipment. The resulting embryo is then cultured in an incubator for a few days and then transplanted into the uterus.

Recovery

IVF and ICSI are neither painful procedures nor are they are time-taking. The patient can go home the same day after the tests. The tests prior to the embryo transfer take minutes and the embryo transfer also lasts for a couple of minutes. In case of ICSI, the sperm is retrieved through normal ejaculation or needle aspiration. The latter takes a few minutes, is performed under sedation, and the patient may feel slight pain after the procedure. In all the procedures, the recovery is quick and patient resumes normal routine the same day.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

IVF with laser assisted hatching refers to the procedure in which the embryo is hatched from its outer shell with laser beams to increase the chances of successful implantation in the uterus. It is the latest technology that helps in successful in vitro fertilization and rules out the risk of failed pregnancy and miscarriage. Many couples who have had several failed IVF attempts or where the age factor of the woman is posing a problem for conception can opt for this technique as it helps them achieve successful pregnancy in fewer IVF cycles. This technique is more precise and does not pose any risk.

When is it performed?

IVF with laser assisted hatching is performed in women who are above 37 years of age, have a high baseline level of FSH (follicular stimulating hormone), with poor prognosis embryos, who have had one or more failed cycles of IVF and those who are using frozen embryos for IVF.

How is it performed?

IVF with laser assisted hatching is performed by an expert IVF specialist, who uses highly focused infrared laser beam that removes the protective outer layer called zona pellucida in a precise manner. This results in lesser and faster handling of the embryo after fertilization, which increases the success rate of pregnancy. The embryo is then transplanted into the uterus through the uterine cavity using a catheter and the process takes a few minutes.

Recovery

The recovery time in IVF with laser assisted hatching is pretty less. The patient can go home the same day after the laser-treated embryo transplant. Mild cramps or spotting is normal and goes away with time but the patient should take care to avoid strenuous activity such as lifting and running for a few days. If any complication occurs or if the patient feels discomfort, the doctor should be consulted immediately.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

In vitro fertilization (IVF) refers to a special procedure wherein the egg of a woman and the sperm of a man are fertilized outside the uterus under laboratory conditions (in vitro). The fertilized egg, after successful embryo culture development, is then placed in the uterus of the woman, where it develops into a fetus. This is an assisted reproductive technique that works in cases of male as well as female infertility caused by different reasons and may be done with or without medicines. It is quite popular among couples but requires expert gynecologists as the technique is a series of procedures that have to be executed meticulously.

When is it done?

IVF is done to treat infertility and genetic problems. These may include ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, endometriosis, fibroids in the uterus, damaged or blocked Fallopian tube, unexplained fertility, genetic disorder, low sperm production or function, and cancer treatment (where a woman has frozen her eggs before chemotherapy).

How is it done?

IVF is a series of procedures. In the first stage, the couple has to undergo tests to determine the quality and quantity of eggs and sperm. Then the uterine cavity is checked for abnormalities and then a mock embryo transfer might be conducted to find out the best technique to place the embryo. After this, the egg and sperm are retrieved from the couple or from the donor and then they are fertilized and incubated. Lastly, the embryo is transferred into the uterus with the help of a catheter through the vagina.

Recovery

None of the IVF procedures require the patient to stay at the hospital. The tests take a couple of minutes and the sperm and egg retrieval is also done in minutes. Mild pain or discomfort is common after the tests and it is normal. The patient can resume normal activities in a few hours. In case of embryo transfer, the woman may have to refrain from strenuous activities for a few hours and may experience bloating, cramps, or spotting but she can return to the normal routine the same day.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

IVF/ICSI with donor sperms refers to a procedure in which the sperm of a donor is used to fertilize the egg of a woman for successful pregnancy. This procedure is successful in those couples where the sperm of the male partner is not suitable for fertilization. The donor sperm makes fertilization possible and helps the woman conceive. The sperm of the donor is sourced from a sperm bank or the couple may choose a donor on their own. The name of the donor is kept confidential.

When is it performed?

This procedure is performed in couples where the male partner suffers from infertility issues such as low sperm count, poor sperm quality, or functional disability of sperms or when a woman wants to conceive but does not have any male partner. This technique is also helpful when there is a risk of transmitting a genetic disease to the embryo.

How is it performed?

IVF/ICSI with donor sperms is performed by IVF specialists and the sperm donor is selected after careful screening. The sperm bank gives the sperm for IVF/ICSI procedure, which has been already selected and preserved. The eggs are retrieved from the woman through a small surgical procedure that is conducted under sedation with the help of an ultrasound. Once the eggs are retrieved and the sperm selected, fertilization is carried out in the lab. The fertilized embryo is implanted in the uterine wall of the woman through a catheter that is inserted into the vagina.

Recovery

After this procedure, the woman is discharged on the same day. The recovery takes a few hours but the patient must refrain from physically-exhausting tasks such as running and heavy lifting for at least a day. Mild pain or bleeding may also occur on the same day but it gradually goes away. The patient must visit the doctor after two weeks for a scheduled check-up and if she experienced any discomfort, the doctor must be consulted immediately.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

IVF and ICSI with optical spindle view refer to the assisted reproductive technology that ensures the selection of a healthy embryo for transfer into the uterus. This is a more successful and credible method of assisted pregnancy as it rules out the danger of genetic disorder in the fetus. This is the latest technique that uses a machine called a poloscope to view the embryo in detail. It has become quite popular due to its accuracy in selecting the right embryo and many couples who are not able to conceive through intercourse go for IVF and ICSI with optical spindle view.

When is it performed?

This procedure is performed in cases where the couple wants to rule out the risk of genetic disorder in the baby. When a couple conceives late or suffers from infertility issues such as low sperm count and poor sperm quality, the chances of a genetic disorder in the baby also become higher. Also, it rules out the only disadvantage of ICSI procedure, that is, the risk of genetic diseases due to damage to the egg during fertilization.

How is it performed?

It is performed by a team of expert embryologists with the help of an instrument called a poloscope. This instrument helps to view the mitotic spindle of the egg properly. With the optical spindle view, the embryologist can ascertain if the embryo is developing normally after fertilization and if it is fit to be transferred to the uterus. If it is found to be perfect, the embryo is transferred through a catheter via the vagina and placed into the uterus. The procedure takes a few minutes.

Recovery

The patient is discharged the same day after the embryo transplant and can resume normal activities afterward. It is normal to feel slight pain or experience bleeding but it goes away in a day or two. One should not indulge in strenuous activities for one day after the embryo transfer.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Brachial plexus injuries refer to the injuries of the brachial plexus nerves, which is a network of intertwined nerves that control the movement and sensation in the hand and arm. When these nerves get injured due to an accident or injury, the individual experiences weakness, loss of movement, and numbness in the hand, shoulder, and arms.

Stereotactic procedures help cure these injuries with the help of a three-dimensional coordinate system that locates the targets in the brachial plexus nerves that require treatment and then helps to conduct the appropriate surgery.

When is it performed?

When brachial plexus injuries do not heal on their own, surgery is needed to treat the loss of movement and sensation in the hands and legs. To conduct the surgery, it is necessary to determine the location and extent of the injury in the nerves, which is done through stereotactic procedures using a three-dimensional coordinate system.

How is it performed?

Brachial plexus injuries are either treated through nerve graft surgery or nerve transfer. A third approach called muscle transfer is also available for the treatment of patients in special cases. The treatment approach is decided only after a thorough diagnosis of the condition and the identification of the root cause. It can take years before the patient can fully experience the benefits of the surgery.

Recovery

The recovery is fairly quick after stereotactic procedures. The patient may have to stay one day in the hospital or may be discharged the same day. Slight pain or soreness in the head is normal after the procedure but it goes away after a few days. The patient can return to work after two to four days but a strenuous activity that puts pressure on the brain must be avoided till complete recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

A craniotomy is a surgical procedure in which the bone flap is removed from the skull for a temporary period of time to access the brain. It is a major surgery and quite a critical one. It is performed on people who have had a serious injury in the brain or are suffering from brain lesions. It is also utilized in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, cerebral tumor, and epilepsy, in which brain stimulators are inserted in the brain through an incision made in the skull to treat these neurological disorders. It also works in brain imaging, extracellular recording, and in neurological manipulations.

When is it performed?

It is performed in the case of brain lesions, infection, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and cerebral tumor. It is also conducted for brain imaging and similar imaging processes that require the brain to be examined and accessed. Being critical in nature, it is recommended after an in-depth examination of the patient.

How is it performed?

A craniotomy is performed under general anesthesia and can take three to five hours. Before the operation, an MRI scan is conducted that helps decide the right location of bone removal. The surgeon makes an incision in the scalp and then removes the bone flap creating a cavity in the skull and then accesses the part of the brain that has to be removed. After removal, the bone flap is replaced with the help of titanium plates, screws and other types of fixations such as sutures and wire.

Recovery

The patient takes four to eight weeks to recover from the surgery. After the surgery, the patient stays in the hospital for seven to ten days or more, depending on the status of the patient. The stitches and bandages are removed after seven to ten days. In the initial days after the surgery, it is common to feel numbness and pain in the scalp. Swelling can also occur, which, when goes away, may lead to a dent in the head.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a procedure in which a neurostimulator, also known as a brain pacemaker, is implanted in the brain for the treatment of a number of neural disorders. The device sends electrical impulses through electrodes to definite targets in the brain. It changes the brain activity in a controlled manner, leading to regulation of abnormal impulses in the brain. The stimulation caused by the neurostimulator impacts cells as well as chemicals in the brain, which can help in diseases such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and movement and neuropsychiatric disorders.

When is it performed?

Deep brain stimulation is performed in the case of Parkinson's disease, dystonia, essential tremor, chronic pain, depression, OCD, epilepsy, Tourette syndrome and other similar movement and neuropsychiatric disorders. It is recommended to patients after medications have failed to yield the desired effects in their case. The doctor weighs the pros and cons of the procedure before recommending it.

How is it performed?

Before deep brain stimulation, MRI scan is done to determine the areas where electrodes will be implanted. Afterward, the neurostimulator is placed under the skin of the upper chest through a minor surgery, which is performed under general or local anesthesia. A wire traveling under the skin connects the device to the electrodes that have been placed in the brain after a skull surgery that involved drilling a hole of about 14mm diameter in the skull. Once this is done, the neurostimulator is activated and it sends electrical impulses to specific areas of the brain.

Recovery

The recovery takes around six to eight weeks and the patient may experience pain and swelling in the head and chest. The doctor prescribes medication for the same. It is also normal to feel weakness and confusion after the surgery but it goes away in a day or two. Two to four weeks after the surgery the sutures are removed and the neurostimulator turned on and programmed.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Kyphoplasty is a surgical procedure that helps to treat compression fracture or break in the vertebra. It is an advanced spine treatment technique that stabilizes the lost bone in the spinal cord and restores a big portion of the height lost due to the fracture with the help of a bone cement. It is a minimally invasive surgery that is performed by ortho surgeons. Compression fracture results in bone fragments rubbing against each other, which causes immense pain and to correct this abnormality, kyphoplasty is conducted. This procedure has been known to give good results in patients.

When is it performed?

Kyphoplasty is performed in individuals suffering from compression fracture or break in the vertebra. It is recommended for older patients as the side effects of bone cement have not yet been established. Also, it is the last option to treat compression fracture and resorted to when medication and pain management therapies have failed to yield effect.

How is it performed?

It is performed under local anesthesia and takes around 30 minutes. The surgeon inserts a hollow needle called a trocar into the skin and guides it through the muscles to reach the correct position. Then, an inflatable balloon is inserted into the needle, which creates space for the bone cement after going inside the spinal cord. When the balloon is inflated, space opens up and then the bone cement mixture is placed inside to fill the gap. The trocar is removed and the operated area is bandaged.

Recovery

The patient is normally discharged the same day as the day of operation but recovery takes a few more days. The bandage is removed after one or two days and it is normal for the patient to feel swelling and pain in the back but it goes away in a day or two. The doctor may prescribe an ice pack or medications for relief and the patient must visit the surgeon for a checkup to monitor progress after the surgery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

When the spinal column begins to put pressure on the cord, it causes pain and swelling in the spinal cord. To get rid of this condition, a laminectomy is performed. It is a surgery that is conducted to cure the compression on the spinal cord and involves the removal of the lamina, a part of the bone that forms the vertebral arch in the spine. It may also involve the removal of bone spurs that put pressure on the spinal cord. It relieves pressure on the spinal cord by enlarging the spinal canal.

When is it performed?

It is performed as a last resort for spinal cord compression, spinal arthritis, slipped disc, tumor in the spine, and other similar spinal problems. When medications and other remedies such as injections and physiotherapy do not give any relief to the patient, a laminectomy is recommended. It is not recommended when the patient is suffering from any other serious disease.

How is it performed?

It is performed under spinal or general anesthesia. The surgeon makes a small incision in the middle of the back or neck and then inspects the area. After inspecting the site, the surgeon removes the lamina or parts of it along with bone spurs (disc fragments), if present. After the removal, the incision is sealed with stitches and bandaged. During a laminectomy, the surgeon may also conduct a spinal fusion to connect two or more bones in the back to stabilize the spine.

Recovery

The patient can be discharged on the same day or after two or three days, depending on the overall condition. Recovery may take a couple of weeks and during this time, the patient should avoid heavy activity that puts a strain on the back and regularly go for check-ups to monitor the progress of the spine.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Meniscectomy refers to the surgical procedure in which the menisci (C-shaped discs of the cartilage connecting the thighbone to the shinbone) is removed. The meniscus is a type of soft tissue that works as a cushion between the ends of bones meet at a joint. Its also keeps the knee stable. So, when there is any tear in the menisci, the legs begin to feel stiff and there are swelling and pain as well. The tearing may be a result of old age when the cartilage begins to wear out or there is an excessive strain on them. Meniscectomy is performed to remove the torn menisci and it can be partial as well as complete in nature.

When is it performed?

Meniscectomy is performed after medications and alternate pain-relieving therapies have failed to work. The doctor takes into account factors such as the age of the patient, the health of the patient, type, location, and degree of tear. An unstable tear is necessary to be operated but the stable tear is treated with non-surgical methods. Proper evaluation of the patient is done before recommending the surgery.

How is it performed?

It is performed under local or general anesthesia and is a minimally invasive surgery. The orthopedic surgeon makes incisions in the knee, inserting an endoscope to view the inside of the knee joint and then removes the torn menisci using the surgical equipment. After the removal, the incisions are stitched and bandaged. The removal can be partial or complete depending on the extent of tearing. The surgery can take an hour or more, depending on the severity of the tearing.

Recovery

The patient is discharged on the same day or a few days after the surgery. The recovery can take a month or more and during this time, the patient has to rely on crutches to walk and use braces for knee support. The patient may feel pain in the legs and the doctor may prescribe medication for the same. The doctor also prescribes exercises to be done at home for timely recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Microdiscectomy, also known as microdecompression, refers to the minimally invasive surgical procedure that is used to remove the part of the intervertebral disc that is putting pressure on the spinal nerves. The surgery is of three types – mini-open (surgeon uses advanced equipment to view the spine), tubular (tubes are inserted in the spine for the surgery), and endoscopic (surgeon uses an endoscope to view the spine). It is performed by orthopedic surgeons and provides relief from the pain by taking the pressure off the spinal nerves causing pain in the back.

When is it performed?

Microdiscectomy is performed when the intervertebral disc has broken off the disc or a part of it is protruding and putting a strain on the spinal nerves causing immense pain. It is recommended after a complete clinical examination of the patient and is the last option for treatment. Those who suffer from any serious disease are not recommended the surgery.

How is it performed?

A minimally invasive surgery, microdiscectomy is performed under general anesthesia and can take around an hour. The surgeon makes an incision at the midline of the lower back and then using an operating microscope, views the spine for the damage. After viewing, the surgeon uses specially-designed instruments to remove the damaged disc and then seals the area with stitches. In the tubular surgery technique, the surgeon uses tubes to dilate the site of surgery and in mini-open technique, utilizes advanced technology to view the spine.

Recovery

The patient takes around two weeks to recover and return to a normal routine but it may extend depending on the patient’s condition. During the recovery time, the patient is prescribed exercise and also given medications for pain relief. Precautions regarding the care of the operated site are also advised and must be followed for timely recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Scoliosis is a spinal disorder that manifests in the form of abnormal (sideways tilting) curve of the spine. It may be present from infanthood or may develop around puberty. The spine of the individuals affected by the disorder tilts on one side and it appears slanted. The slant can be of varying degrees and it is treated with the help of physiotherapy, braces, and surgery. Surgery is an effective treatment for the disorder and is a major operation that is performed by expert spine surgeons. The surgery is performed in two ways – from the back and from the front. The type of surgery to be performed is decided by the surgeon after assessing the patient.

When is it performed?

Surgery is performed when there are chances of the progression of the disorder (the tilt being more than 45 to 50 degrees), the sideways curve is aesthetically unacceptable, and the slant is causing discomfort to the patient while breathing and sitting. The surgeon conducts a complete assessment of the patient before recommending the surgery.

How is it performed?

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and can take four to eight hours, depending on the complexity of the case. It is performed either through anterior fusion or posterior fusion. In the former, the incision is made at the side of the chest wall, while the latter witnesses an incision on the back. The surgeon connects two or more spine bones with new bone grafts and this is done with the help of hooks, screws, rods, or wires that hold the spine in a straight position and allow it to grow.

Recovery

The patient is discharged the same day after the operation but recovery takes four to six weeks and the patient has to come back to the hospital after six months to lengthen the rod. During this time, the surgeon prescribes antibiotic and painkillers to reduce the risk of infection and to give relief in pain.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Spinal fusion, also known as spondylodesis, is a surgery that joins two or more vertebrae in a single structure to reduce the pressure on the spinal cord being put by the damaged discs. It is an effective treatment for a number of spinal disorders that cause pain in the back. It is done in different ways, depending on the location of the damage in the spine and minimally invasive surgery techniques are also used to minimize the pain and healing time after the operation. Advanced imaging techniques make the surgery more precise and a large number of people go for this surgery to get rid of the spinal disorders.

When is it performed?

Spinal fusion is performed in case of degenerative disc disease, spondylosis, spinal fractures, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, and kyphosis. It is recommended after medications and alternative therapies have proven to be ineffective. The patient is assessed before recommending surgery and those with a serious disease or high BMI (body mass index) are not deemed fit for it.

How is it performed?

Spinal fusion is performed under general anesthesia by orthopedic surgeons. The spine is operated in two different ways. In the anterior lumbar interbody fusion, an incision is made through the belly and then the spine is viewed. The damaged parts are removed and bone graft (harvested from own body or donor’s) or synthetic substance is placed to connect the discs with or without the help of rods and screws. In the posterior fusion technique, incisions are made in the back.

Recovery

The patient is discharged two or three days after the surgery but the recovery takes longer. It can take six months or even longer for the back to heal fully. During this time, the patient has to go for regular checkups and also undergo physiotherapy to fasten the recovery. Precaution must be taken not to put a strain on the back.

 

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Abdominoperineal resection, also known as APR and abdominoperineal resection of the rectum, is a surgery that is conducted to treat rectal or anal cancer. The procedure removes the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon and creates a new opening for waste removal from the body. It is not a very common surgical procedure as the cases are few. Generally, the surgery is conducted by expert surgeons only. The surgery can be open or laparoscopic, depending on the condition of the patient.

When is it performed?

The surgery is performed when the cancer is spread very low in the rectum or in the anus, close to the sphincter muscles that are responsible for controlling the bowel movements. It is recommended only after proper examination of the patient as it can lead to complications. Only those who are healthy and not suffering from any disease are recommended this operation.

How is it performed?

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and takes an hour or more, depending on the spread of cancer. In open surgery, incisions are made into the belly and then the surgeon removes the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon. The surgeon also makes a new opening called stoma for the waste material to pass and it connects the large intestine to the belly. In laparoscopic-assisted surgery, a laparoscope is used to perform the surgery. It is more precise and less invasive in nature.

Recovery

After the surgery, the patient needs to stay in the hospital for a week and during this time, they are monitored. While recovering, the patient has to take liquid diet and slowly graduates to solid food. The recovery takes a few more days and the patient has to adapt to using the pouch for waste collection that they learn from the nurse during the hospital stay.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Brachytherapy refers to a type of radiotherapy in which sealed radiation sources are used to treat the cancerous tissues and tumors in the human body. It is used in the treatment of different types of cancer and tumors. It is a well-known cancer therapy that enjoys a high success rate because of its higher precision and advanced technique. In this radiotherapy, the radiation sources, that is, radioisotopes are placed inside the body at cancer site and they treat the cancer with minimum damage to the surrounding healthy tissues. It is administered alone or in combination with surgery or beam radiation.

When is it performed?

Brachytherapy is performed to treat cancer and tumors of the prostate, breast, cervix, brain, skin, head and neck, lungs, pancreas, rectum, and other body parts. It targets the cancer cells and protects the adjoining healthy tissues. The patient is examined thoroughly before giving brachytherapy and it may be given with radiation or after surgery.

How is it performed?

It is performed by expert oncologists with the help of a sealed radiation source that is placed near the cancer site in the body. A brachytherapy device is used to insert the sealed radiation source and they can include needles, applicators, and other similar devices. When it is performed along with surgery, a catheter is used to place the radioactive material inside the body. CT scans and imaging techniques are used to guide the device into the body and position it at the most appropriate place.

Recovery

The patient is discharged the same day as the day when brachytherapy is conducted. Recovery depends on the fact whether surgery has been combined with the therapy or not. In case of surgery, the recovery is longer. In both the cases, the patient might feel slight pain or discomfort around the area of brachytherapy for some time.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

When the brain cells experience abnormal growth, the condition is called brain cancer. Tumors that are malignant become cancer cells. A tumor is nothing but a mass of cells. These cells keep growing aggressively and consume the space, which can cause the rest of the cells suffer. These tumors can grow in other parts of the body too. Glioma, lymphoma, and astrocytomas are a few types of the brain cancers. A biopsy is done to diagnose brain cancer. This is a procedure that is done under strict guidelines of a doctor, where a piece of a skin or even the part of lungs is torn apart from the body to find the disease.

When is it done?

A team of doctors from multiple disciplines treats brain cancer. Medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and a neurologist are involved in the team. The team also includes a physical therapist, dietician, and a social worker. There are also other specialists involved. When your biopsy reports arrive, this team helps in finding the best treatment option available for your condition.

How is it done?

Individualized treatments are available for each patient for brain cancer. The size of the tumor, location, size, type, and grade of the tumor, age, health condition, and severity of cancer are taken into account in deciding the treatment option. More than one type of treatment comes into picture when treating a patient. Chemotherapy is the most popular choice for treating brain cancer and craniotomy is the surgical option wherein the brain skull is opened. If the tumor is benign, then complete cure with surgery is assured. Radiation is also effective to treat brain cancer.

Recovery

Nausea, vomiting, hair loss, weight loss, and the low immune system can be experienced after brain cancer surgery. Most of them are temporary, and they decline over time. In a few cases, the side effects tend to become permanent. Hair loss is an example. Recovery takes a long time, say around a year to come out of these.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Breast cancer treatment options have grown immensely. The result is that the affected women do not consider this cancer a threat to life. Earlier, it was considered fatal or losing the breast even in the initial stages. The whopping number of options has made it easy for these women to survive with confidence. The doctor and the patient can now discuss the options available and choose one to tackle the severity of the disease. From radiation to hormone therapy, you will be able to identify what suits the stage of cancer you suffer from. You can get in touch with two or three doctors before you plan for the treatment type.

When is it done?

When you are affected with breast cancer, your doctor will throw a number of suggestions. You can plan well and get a second opinion, too, if required. You can also ensure the treatment type fits into your time schedule. However, not all types of treatments can be perfect for you. This is where you need to nod to the expert.

How is it done?

The surgical options include lumpectomy, lymph node dissection, and mastectomy. Breast reconstruction is also carried out in a few cases. Chemotherapy is another option available for all types of cancer patients, and breast cancer is no exception. The number of sessions can vary based on the severity of the stage. There are also multiple combinations available. Hormonal problems can be a cause of breast cancer, and if this is what has triggered the suffering, your doctor will suggest hormone therapy. Immunotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, complementary and holistic medicine, and drugs are all available to get treated for breast cancer.

Recovery

Recovery period varies from individual to individual. One has to be emotionally strong to cope with the side effects caused by the various types of cancer treatments. Getting back to work can take longer when you are under chemotherapy and radiation therapy. From the loss of weight to hair, multiple problems with your health can pop up as side effects. However, the battle is to fight and these challenges do not live long.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Cervical cancer affects the cervix in the female body and the treatment of cervical cancer depends on the stage of cancer, age, and health status of the patient and whether she wants to have children in future. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and a combination of the three or two of these modalities are the preferred treatment options. The surgery for cervical cancer is of five different types – conization, hysterectomy, modified radical hysterectomy, trachelectomy, and pelvic exenteration. The type of surgical treatment to be adopted is decided after a thorough examination of the patient and consultation with the doctor.

When is it performed?

The surgical procedures are performed in cases where the patient has cancer or tumor in the cervix and it poses threat to the health of the patient. Of these, hysterectomy, modified radical hysterectomy, and pelvic exenteration is not performed if the woman wants to bear children in future. The patient is screened properly before the treatment to decide the best course of treatment.

How is it performed?

The surgical procedures are performed under general anesthesia and can take an hour or more, depending on the kind of surgery being performed. The surgeon makes incisions in the belly and then removes the uterus, the affected part of the cervix, or the affected organs. After removal, the incisions are stitched. In case of radiation and chemotherapy, the treatment consists of sessions where radiations and anti-cancer drugs are administered to the patient.

Recovery

After cervical cancer surgery, the patient is discharged within three to five days, depending on the patient’s health state. Full recovery takes four to six weeks and till then the patient has to rest and follow the doctor’s instructions. Pain and swelling are normal in the operated area and goes away after some time but the patient must consult the doctor immediately if the discomfort does not go away.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Chemotherapy or chemo is a cancer treatment modality in which anti-cancer drugs are administered to the patient. Chemotherapy is done with three motives. The first is curative, which aims to cure cancer, the second is palliative, which is aimed at reducing the symptoms and the third is control, which aims to stop cancer from spreading to other parts of the body. The anti-cancer drugs given in chemo are very powerful and destroy the cancer cells but they can also damage the healthy cells, making the therapy a risky process. It can be administered in isolation or with other treatments.

When is it performed?

It is performed on cancer patients or those who have cancerous tumors. Chemotherapy is not performed on every patient in the same manner. The dosage of drugs differs from one patient to another, depending on their cancer type, health status, and the spread of cancer in their body.

How is it performed?

Chemotherapy works throughout the body and it may be restricted to one drug or a combination of drugs. It may also be given in conjunction with radiation and consists of several sessions or cycles. The sessions have breaks in between so that the patient can recover and the body may build new cells. Each session may last from 15 to 30 minutes or more. The anti-cancer drugs in chemo may be given by mouth, as a cream, in a shot, or intravenously.

Recovery

Chemotherapy has short-term as well as long-term side effects on the health of the patient. So, recovery takes a long time. After it gets over, the patient may experience weakness and thus, returning to normal routine depends on the health of the patient and how they are feeling. It is important to go for regular check-ups after the therapy and the patient must adhere to a healthy a lifestyle to boost their immunity.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

A multidisciplinary team works towards curing cancer, irrespective of its type. When it comes to the treatment of colorectal cancer, a team that consists of an oncologist, radiation oncologist, and a gastroenterologist treats the patient. The treatment method varies from individual to individual. Your medical condition, side effects of the treatment plan, medicines that are taken previously, and the nutritional status of the patient determine the treatment method. You can discuss with your doctor about the right treatment for your condition. You can also check if the same is covered by your insurance, or go for alternatives if not, provided your doctor accepts.

When is it done?

If colon cancer is found in the early stage, it can be cured well. This can help in preventing the fatal end. People who are over 50 should undergo screening for colon cancer. If you have a family history of colon cancer, or if you are an African American or Indian American, consider screening at 45. This is the way you can find about colon cancer, and start getting treated as soon as possible.

How is it done?

The removal of polyps is done for the initial stage of colon cancer, and this can be done only if the tumors are localized and not spread over. If the polyps are larger, endoscopic removal is a good option. Laparoscopy surgery, too, is a good option. There is also surgery done to remove waste from the body, and in some cases, the lymph nodes that are closer are removed to check for cancer. In the advanced cancer stages, blockades of the colon are removed with surgery. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy are recommended in a few cases.

Recovery

Nausea, vomiting, bloody stools, pain, weight loss, hair loss, fatigue, and mouth sores can trouble one for a few months after chemotherapy for cancer. In case of surgery, one can expect pain and tenderness in the operated area. Understanding it takes a few months for a complete cure is how you can cope with pain, and enjoy life to the fullest.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Hemicolectomy is a type of surgery that is performed to remove the colon (part of the large intestine). It can be partial or complete removal and is done in two ways. In right hemicolectomy, the ascending colon (the part of colon attached to the end of the small intestine) is removed while in left hemicolectomy, the descending colon (the part attached to the rectum) is removed. It helps to treat the cancer of the colon and bowel as well as disorders related to the colon and bowel.

When is it performed?

Hemicolectomy is performed in cases of colon/bowel cancer, abdominal injury/trauma, inflammatory bowel disease, polyps, or diverticulitis. It is recommended to healthy patients and those who are suffering from any serious disease are not considered fit for the surgery as it may lead to complications. It is performed only after thorough assessment of the patient.

How is it performed?

Hemicolectomy is performed under general anesthesia and may take two hours or more, depending on the complications of cancer/disorder. It can be an open surgery or laparoscopic, which is minimally invasive. The surgeon makes a few incisions in the abdomen and then removes the affected parts of the colon. After the removal, the surgeon rejoins the colon to the end of the small intestine in case of right hemicolectomy and connects the colon to the rectum in case of left hemicolectomy.

Recovery

The recovery takes quite some time and may last over several weeks. The recovery is quicker in laparoscopic surgery as compared to open surgery. The patient is discharged after a week or more and has to follow the medications and lifestyle changes prescribed by the doctor. The patient should refrain from heavy lifting and strenuous activity till six weeks and can return to normal routine only after full recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

IMRT or intensity modulated radiotherapy is a type of radiation therapy that is used in the treatment of cancer and non-cancerous tumors. It is an advanced technique that restricts the radiation beams to the area of cancer or tumor and thus, avoids damage to the adjoining areas containing healthy tissues. Throughout the radiation therapy, the beam shape changes according to the requirement. It is conducted with a machine called linear accelerator and is very effective in reducing the side effects of radiation therapy.

When is it performed?

It is performed in patients who are suffering from breast cancer, prostate cancer, cancer of head and neck, and central nervous system. It is also prescribed in case patients have tumors in thyroid, lung, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive system, or sarcomas and also for pediatric tumors. IMRT is recommended only after proper physical examination of the patient.

How is it performed?

IMRT is performed with a machine called linear accelerator, which has computer-controlled linear accelerators that strike at cancer and tumors with photons or X-rays in a controlled manner. The beams change shape during the treatment so that only the affected area is treated and the healthy tissues are not harmed. IMRT is conducted by the radiation oncologist and the nurse and before the therapy, a CT scan of the patient is also conducted. The therapy takes anything between 15 to 30 minutes or even more depending on the spread of cancer. It is done in several sessions.

Recovery

After the radiation session, the patient can go home but it can lead to side effects. The patient can experience weakness, skin problems like rashes, swelling, blisters, itching, dryness, peeling in the area that has been treated. It can also become sensitive. The long-term effects manifest later on and include secondary cancer.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Treating leukemia has seen a lot of progress in the recent days. The often suggested treatment is chemotherapy for this disease. The treatment strategy differs for each patient. In fact, for many people, there would be not much work to do apart from the regular visits to the doctor. Blood tests are also conducted regularly for them. Drugs are prescribed and a form of Vitamin A called all-trans-retinoic is also given to the patients. Apart from these, there are other options too. You can discuss with your doctor, and compared with other cancers, leukemia treatment does not cost a lot.

When is it done?

The doctor tells you how long it is possible to live with leukemia. The key is to diagnose the condition faster. If the condition is a high-risk MDS, then the doctor can suggest a variety of treatments. The lifespan is shorter in this case. However, in 80 to 90 percent of the cases, the disease can be cured completely.

How is it done?

Chemotherapy aims at destroying cancer cells. It is also possible that the normal cells are also destroyed during this process. In some cases, injection under the skin is given. Induction therapy and consolidation therapy are used in conjunction with chemotherapy to cure acute leukemia. Maintenance therapy is given to children with leukemia. This again targets the cancer cell destruction. This can be also replaced with bone marrow transplantation. This therapy is not as intense as the initial sessions of the chemotherapy.

Recovery

During the sessions of chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation, you can be very tired. You might also be prone to infections. Doctors not only change in lifestyle and food choices but also recommends staying positive through the recovery cycle. The recovery period is long and you should get the support of the near and dear.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Exposure to pollution, smoking, and various other reasons are considered to cause lung cancer. Lung cancer can cause more deaths among the other cancer types in both men and women. Small cell lung cancers and non-small cell lung cancers are the two types of lung cancers that spread in the body. The stage of cancer depends on how far it has spread in the body. Various types of treatment methods are available for lung cancer, and they are decided based on the severity and your individual comfort levels. Regardless of the treatment method chosen, quitting smoking is the initial step that must be taken.

When is it done?

When there is a persistent cough that cannot be cured with the usual drugs apart from fatigue, breathlessness, fatigue, chest pain and weight loss, you can consider it as essential to go for a lung cancer test. When it is positive, you can discuss the treatment options with your doctor. A team of doctors is involved in treating this type of cancer.

How is it done?

Surgical removal of the cancer is the first solution offered by the doctors. Chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are also gaining popularity. However, your doctor needs to take the call because not all individuals react the same way to the same therapy. In some cases, curative and palliative therapies both are prescribed. A surgery is an option when the cancer is spread to a limited stage. The size and location of the tumor cells decide the procedure to be chosen.

Recovery

Therapies can lead to various side effects. Loss of white blood cells, hair, weight, and nausea, vomiting, pain can be a part of life after cancer treatment. However, the side effects wear off over time, though it may take around a year. But, you need to check the happier side that you are out of cancer now.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Mastectomy is a surgery in which one or both the breasts are removed partially or completely as a treatment for cancer of the breast. The surgery is classified into five different types – simple mastectomy, radical mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy, partial mastectomy, and subcutaneous (nipple-sparing) mastectomy. Some women also opt for mastectomy as a preventive measure to counter the high risk of breast cancer. The surgery is performed after keeping factors such as breast size, number of cuts, the spread of cancer, and patient’s state of mind in mind.

When is it performed?

Mastectomy is performed when the cancerous tissues have grown and spread in the breast. It is also performed when the woman has breast cancer running in her family and faces a high risk of developing cancer. It is performed on those women as well who do not want to undergo radiation or chemotherapy.

How is it performed?

Mastectomy is performed under general anesthesia and takes an hour or two or even more. An IV tube is inserted into the patient’s body to give medicine during the procedure and an EKG machine is also connected to monitor the blood pressure. A drainage tube is inserted in the chest as well to remove subcutaneous fluid. Afterward, the surgeon begins the operation. The affected tissues or the nipple and areola or the whole breast along with the unaffected breast tissue is removed and wounds are sealed with stitches.

Recovery

The patient is discharged after two or three days but complete recovery takes four to six weeks. Pain and swelling are common after the surgery and may take months to go away completely. In some cases, radiation therapy may also be needed after surgery. The patient must see the doctor after three or six months for a checkup as cancer may recur after the surgery. The patient can resume normal routine only after full recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Oral cancer refers to the growth of cancerous cells in the mouth. It can affect the tongue, cheeks, lips, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat). The earlier it is diagnosed, the brighter is the patient’s chances of survival. Oral cancer is treated with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of either two or all of these modalities. In surgery, the cancerous tissue inside the mouth is removed while radiation and chemotherapy destroy these tissues through drugs and X-rays. The treatment depends on the gravity of the condition.

When is it performed?

Oral cancer treatment is performed to treat the cancerous tissues in the mouth, tongue, cheeks, lips, palate, sinuses, and (throat). The type of treatment is recommended after due examination of the patient’s mouth. Surgery is not recommended if the tumor is inoperable and radiation/chemotherapy is administered.

How is it performed?

Oral cancer surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon removes the affected parts of the mouth through surgical instruments and then stitches the incisions. Radiation and chemotherapy involve the administration of X-rays and anti-cancer drugs to the patient which kill the cancerous tissues. Chemo is done intravenously and radiation therapy involves striking the cancerous tissues with high-intensity X-rays. This is done in several sessions and the patient remains conscious during the therapies.

Recovery

The patient stays in the hospital for several days before getting discharged. After the surgery, a feeding tube remains attached to the patient to sustain him. The patient may also go for reconstructive surgery, which further increases the recovery time. It takes several weeks to get back to normal routine after the surgery and the patient needs special care during this time to recover fully. In case of radiation and chemo, the patient may feel weakness after the sessions and it goes away gradually.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Ovarian cancer refers to the growth of cancerous cells in the ovaries of a woman. The treatment for ovarian cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation or a combination of the three or two. The type of treatment to be administered to the patient depends on the stage of cancer and the spread of cancer. It is decided after a thorough consultation with the doctor. Surgery involves the removal of ovaries and the affected parts around the ovaries while chemo and radiation destroy the cancer cells through drugs and X-rays. Early diagnosis of ovarian cancer increases the chances of patient’s survival.

When is it performed?

Surgery is performed when cancerous cells grow in the ovaries or the parts surrounding the ovaries. It is done for staging as well as for the treatment of the patient. Before the surgery, the patient is examined and it is decided whether radiation or chemo is to be given along with surgery.

How is it performed?

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and the surgeon removes the ovaries and the affected tissues. At times, the Fallopian tubes, uterus, omentum (a large fat pad hanging off the colon), and other organs are also removed. It can be an open surgery or laparoscopic. The surgeon removes the affected parts after making incisions and then seals the incisions with stitches. The surgery takes one to two hours, depending on the spread of cancer. Chemo and radiation are done with the help of anti-cancer drugs and radiation beams, respectively.

Recovery

The patient needs several weeks after the surgery to recover. They need to stay in the hospital for five days or a week. During this time, they are closely monitored. After discharge, the patient must take rest and during this time, pain and discomfort are normal. In radiation and chemo, the patient recovers in weeks as the side effects linger for days.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Cancer care is provided by bringing in multiple treatment techniques. In fact, only with various options, one can expect to eliminate cancer. However, this can differ for individuals, based on their health and severity of the tumor cells’ growth. The first thing to know what cancer treatment is about and what side effects it can produce. In men, prostate cancer can take a toll on the daily life. They need to understand treatments related to the urinary system, bowel, and hormones are to be taken. These all niches can be affected because of prostate cancer. Erectile dysfunction is the major symptom of this cancer. A biopsy is a way to find the stage and grade of the prostate cancer.

When is it done?

In older men, watchful waiting is recommended. Routine tests and biopsies are recommended for men with risk factors. The doctors take time to diagnose the disease, for the symptoms can be confusing. A repeated biopsy is recommended for many men with symptoms of prostate cancer. Treatment types are concluded based on this.

How is it done?

If cancer is spread over a specific part of the body, local treatments are effective. Surgery and radiation therapy are examples of local treatment. If the cancer is spread out of the prostate gland, radiation therapy is recommended. Cancer cells can be destroyed with systematic treatment. Removal of cancer cells with surgery is done, and at times, the prostate can be removed entirely. A less invasive type of surgery is robotic or laparoscopic surgery. Radiation therapy methods include intensity modulated radiation therapy, external beam radiation therapy, brachytherapy, and proton therapy.

Recovery

Loss of sexual desire, hot flash, depression, weight gain, muscle mass loss, and osteoporosis are the side effects of prostate cancer treatment. These are short-lived, and you can get over them in a matter of few months. Healthy lifestyle is recommended for overall health and recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

When found early, it is easy to cure skin cancer. The best way to check the onset of skin cancer is to check the changes that happen to your skin. Change of color, shape, and size of any mole is a symptom of skin cancer. But it is now always a skin cancer. You can contact your dermatologist and check about the changes. You can also contact surgeons who deal with skin cancer surgery and get your doubt cleared on this disease. Health professionals can identify the regular changes and skin cancer with ease.

When is it done?

When you contact a doctor, he or she suggests a biopsy after a physical examination. When they find that numerous cells are growing abnormally on the skin, a biopsy is an easy way to out to identify the disease. This is a simple procedure and doesn’t take time. It takes a maximum of a week’s time to get results.

How is it done?

Skin cancer can be treated with a wide range of options. Surgery, freezing, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and scraping are the options available. The severity and stage of cancer and the individual’s health condition are considered before any treatment method is finalized. The surgical procedures are many, which include electrosurgery, curettage, excisional, and cryosurgery. When the skin cancer is on the face, then photodynamic therapy can prove useful. On superficial lesions, laser therapy is used. Topical medications, too, are prescribed for the patients, based on the location and severity of cancer.

Recovery

Cancer surgeries often come with side effects. Scarring, disfigurement, bleeding, fatigue, infection, nerve damage, numbness, and swelling and bruising are the few after-effects of the surgery. These effects go off in a few months. However, the recovery period can be irksome. It is also recommended that you stay off from sunlight and other radiation after the surgery for a complete cure.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, refers to the buildup of cancerous cells in the stomach. It begins in the mucus-producing cellular lining of the stomach. If stomach cancer is detected in the early stage, the chances of patient’s survival also become higher. Stomach cancer treatment includes surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy and a combination of two or three treatment modalities. The course of treatment depends on the severity of cancer, the health of the patient, and their preference. After due consultation, the most suitable treatment method is determined and administered to the patient.

When is it performed?

Surgery is performed to remove the tumor and cancer from the stomach. It is recommended to the patient after thorough examination and along with surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy may also be advised, which is performed before or after the surgery.

How is it performed?

Surgery is performed in three different ways. In the endoscopic mucosal resection, an endoscope is used to remove small-size tumors in the early stage of cancer. In subtotal gastrectomy, a part of the stomach is removed while in total gastrectomy, the whole stomach is removed. These surgeries are performed under general anesthesia. While endoscopic surgery is minimally invasive, the other two are major operations and incisions are made into the stomach to remove the affected parts.

Recovery

The patient may have to stay in the hospital for a week or more, depending on their status and the recovery may take several weeks. The patient is advised complete rest during recovery and has to follow the diet prescribed by the surgeon. In case of radiation or chemo, the patient would take even more time to recover and normally experiences pain and swelling after the therapy sessions. The long-term side effects of the therapy result in damage to the healthy tissues.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a surgery in which the anterior cruciate ligament, situated in the knee, is replaced with a tissue graft. It is conducted to treat the torn ACL, which plays a significant role in maintaining the stability of the knee joint. This is a minimally invasive procedure in which the goal is to restore stability in the knee of the patient and help them achieve full range of motion. It is a trusted and popular surgical procedure that has helped many patients regain stability and motion.

When is it performed?

ACL reconstruction is performed in patients with the torn anterior cruciate ligament. It is done after taking into account the health, age, the extent of damage, and physical activity of the patient. Only those who have a significant tearing in the ligament are considered fit for the surgery.

How is it performed?

ACL reconstruction is performed under general anesthesia by orthopedic surgeons. The surgeon makes small incisions around the knee and using an arthroscope, the surgeon inspects the interior of the knee. After locating the torn ligament, the surgeon removes it and then takes bone graft (harvested from the patient’s body) and inserts it in the knee with an arthroscopic grasper. It is then fixed in place with a pin. Lastly, the incisions are stitched with sutures or staples.

Recovery

The recovery takes around six weeks as this is the time needed for the bone to attach to the graft. During this time, the patient has to take precautions and not put pressure on the knee. Pain and swelling may also persist in the knee for which medications are given. The patient should also begin physical therapy to gain strength and flexibility. Full recovery can take anywhere from six months to one year.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Ankle arthrodesis, also known as ankle fusion, is a surgical procedure that removes the worn out cartilage around the ankle bones and fuses the bones into one. It makes use of bone graft and metal hardware such as screws and plates to fix the condition. The fusion is a minimally invasive surgery and restores or improves movement in the patient while also providing relief from pain caused by the rubbing of the bones against each other. The surgery is performed by orthopedic surgeons and has proven to be effective for patients suffering from ankle joint problems.

When is it performed?

It is done on patients suffering from ankle arthritis (loss of cartilage around the ankle bones) who have not benefited from medications, supportive footwear, and alternative therapies. It is done when there are sufficient quality and quantity of bone in the ankle and the patient is not suffering from any neurologic or vascular illness.

How is it performed?

It is performed under general anesthesia and can take around an hour. The surgeon makes small incisions around the ankle and inserts an endoscope to view the cartilage damage. The damaged cartilage is scraped away and then the bones forming the ankle joint, that is, the tibia, fibula, and the talus are fused together using a bone graft (harvested from the pelvis, knee bone, or heel) or plates and screws. After fusion, the incisions are stitched.

Recovery

The recovery can take anywhere from six to eight weeks as this is the time needed for the bones to fuse together. The patients are required to wear a cast around the ankle and take care not to put any weight on the ankle until recovery. Swelling and pain in the operating region are common after the surgery and the doctor prescribes medicine for the same.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Carpal tunnel release is a surgery that cures carpal tunnel syndrome, which is a condition in which the individual experiences pain and weakness in the hands due to pressure exerted on the median nerve in the wrist. This pressure leads to pain, numbness, and tingling in the affected arm and hand. It is treated with surgery and involves the cutting of the ligament around the carpal tunnel to remove pressure on the median nerve. The surgery can be open or endoscopic and both have been found to provide complete relief to the patient.

When is it performed?

It is performed when symptoms such as numbness, pain, and tingling do not go away on their own. It is recommended after therapies such as braces, medication, and lifestyle changes fail to make an impact. Also, it is recommended when the symptoms last for more than six months. The doctor conducts an examination of the wrist and the hand before suggesting the surgery.

How is it performed?

Carpal tunnel release is performed under local anesthesia and can take ten to fifteen minutes. In the open surgery, the surgeon makes a cut of around 2 inches in the wrist and then cuts the carpal ligament to widen the carpal tunnel. In endoscopic surgery, the surgeon makes smaller cut measuring a half inch and then inserts the endoscope to perform the surgery. After cutting the ligament, the incisions are stitched and bandaged.

Recovery

The patient is discharged on the operation day but it takes a couple of weeks for the wrist to heal. The bandage is removed after one or two weeks. Soreness or pain is normal for a few weeks and the patient may be given medication for the same. The patient must exercise precautions during this time, taking care not to put a strain on the wrist and return to normal routine gradually.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Decompression refers to the surgical procedure in which any structure compressing another structure or nerve is either removed or repositioned. It is mainly performed in the skull and the spine to relieve pressure in the brain and on the spinal cord, respectively. The surgery is conducted as an open procedure or it can be a minimally invasive as well. With advancements in technology, less painful techniques have emerged and they help conduct decompression in a more precise manner. The surgery is performed by a team of neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons and it helps relieve pain and discomfort caused by the compressing structures.

When is it performed?

It is performed in case of spinal decompression, spinal stenosis, herniated disc, spondylolisthesis, stroke, and injury to the brain. It is performed as a last resort when medication and physical therapies do not produce any results. The surgeon does a thorough examination of the spine and brain before suggesting the surgery.

How is it performed?

Decompression surgery is performed under general anesthesia and takes an hour or more, depending on the complexity of the surgery. In spinal decompression, an incision is made at the back and the affected part removed. Then the bones are repositioned and fused. In the brain surgery, a hole is drilled in the head and the affected part of the brain removed. The removal eliminates the pressure being put on the nerves. After removal, the incisions are stitched with sutures. The surgery can be open as well as endoscopic.

Recovery

The patent is discharged two or three days after the surgery but the recovery takes longer than that. The site of incision may take four to six weeks to heal properly. During this time, the patient can feel pain or soreness in the operated area and must exercise caution during recovery. Any activity that puts a strain on the spine or brain should be avoided.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Disc replacement is a surgery that removes the damaged or worn out disc material between the small bones in the spine and replaces it with an artificial or synthetic disc. It is an advanced technique and preserves the normal motion in the spine, which is not usually possible with other spinal surgeries. The artificial disc acts like the original disc, restoring the previous function and movement while also alleviating the pain and discomfort of the patient. The surgery has been gaining popularity and is known to be effective and less painful.

When is it performed?

Disc replacement is performed in the case of damaged or worn out disc in the spine. It is recommended when the spinal pain becomes unbearable and medication and other physical therapies stop having an effect. However, it is performed on only those individuals who have a healthy weight, no history of major lumbar spine surgery, no scoliosis, and no bony compression on the nerves of the spine.

How is it performed?

It is performed under general anesthesia by orthopedic surgeons and can take anywhere from two to three hours. The surgeon makes an incision in your abdomen and approaches the lower back reaching the spine. The nerves are not disturbed and the damaged disc is removed. After removal, an artificial disc implant is inserted in the spine to take the place of the removed disc. After successful implantation, the incisions are sealed with sutures.

Recovery

The patient is discharged after one to three days. The total duration of hospitalization depends on the condition of the patient post-surgery. The recovery is faster in disc replacement but the patient should take care not to put a strain on the back for several weeks as it may lead to complications. Also, physical therapy should be started soon after the surgery as it helps in quick recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Hip resurfacing is a surgery in which the damaged cartilage and bones are trimmed and fixed with metal covering. An alternative to total hip replacement, it is an advanced form of surgery that is also known to give better results to patients. It has a lesser risk of hip dislocation and is also known to lead to a more normal walking pattern in patients who undergo the surgery. The surgeon plays a crucial role in the surgery and his expertise matters a great deal. Therefore, the surgeon should be selected after careful research to get best results.

When is it performed?

It is performed in cases where the hip joints have worn out and they are causing problems in normal activities. The surgery is performed when medications and physical therapy fail to work. It is suitable for patients who are below 60 and have larger body frame with good bone strength. The surgeon assesses the patient thoroughly before recommending this surgery.

How is it performed?

Hip resurfacing is performed under general or spinal anesthesia and can take an hour or more depending on the case. The surgeon makes an incision in the thigh to access the hip joint and dislocates the femoral head (head of the thighbone) in the hip socket. Afterward, he trims it with a special instrument and fixes metal cap over it. The cartilage lining the socket is also removed and a metal cup is pushed into the socket. The femoral head is relocated back into the socket and then the incision is closed with stitches.

Recovery

The patient can go home in one to four days. Pain and discomfort in the operated area are normal for a week and the doctor may prescribe medicines for the same. The physical therapy also begins soon after the surgery and in six weeks, the patient can return to a normal routine.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Knee arthroscopy is a surgical technique that allows the surgeon to diagnose the knee joint with the help of an instrument called an arthroscope and conduct appropriate steps to treat the problems of the joint. It is a minimally invasive surgical technique that can treat numerous problems associated with the knee joint such as misaligned kneecap, damaged ligament joints, torn menisci, and the like. It is performed by orthopedic surgeons and has proven to be effective in a number of patients suffering from knee problems. It is an advanced surgical procedure and less time taking in comparison to open surgeries.

When is it performed?

It is performed to treat knee problems such as torn cruciate ligaments, dislocated patella, knee bone fracture, swollen joint lining, torn menisci, and Baker’s cyst. It is performed when non-surgical remedies have failed and the patient’s knee problem is causing pain and interfering with the daily routine. The surgeon conducts a thorough examination of the patient before performing the surgery.

How is it performed?

Knee arthroscopy is performed under general or local anesthesia and takes less than an hour. The surgeon makes small incisions in the knee and then inserts an arthroscope through one incision and with another pumps saline water to expand the area for a clear view. After determining and locating the problem, the surgeon corrects it with surgical instruments and then drains the saline water before closing the incisions.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day or a day after the surgery. It is normal to feel pain and swelling in the knee for a few days but it goes away. The patient should do the exercises prescribed by the doctor and go for a follow-up examination to ensure that the knee is recovering. Until full recovery, the patient should avoid stenuous physical activity.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

ORIF or open reduction internal fixation refers to the surgical process to treat a fracture or break in the bone. It is a two-step procedure that is done by adjusting the bone in the normal position and then fixing it with plate, screws, or nuts to keep the repositioned bones in place. This surgery can be performed for any kind of bone fracture and is performed by an orthopedic surgeon. It is a well-known surgical procedure that is widely used to treat different kinds of severe fractures and has been successful in most cases.

When is it performed?

It is performed to fix fractures in which the bone structure needs realignment before joining it. It is done in severe cases of bone fractures as well as hip and knee replacement. The surgeon assesses the patient thoroughly before recommending the surgery and in case of knee and hip replacement, takes into account the age and health of the patient as well.

How is it performed?

ORIF is performed under general anesthesia by an orthopedic surgeon. The surgeon makes an incision at the site of fracture and realigns it carefully to its normal position. Then screws, plates, or rods are inserted to keep the realigned structure in proper place and then the incision is stitched with sutures or staples. The screws, plates, and rods can be permanent or temporary. In the latter case, they are removed after the fracture has healed and the bones have set.

Recovery

The recovery takes weeks. The patient is discharged from the hospital after a few days but the patient can experience pain in the operated site for two to three weeks, which gets lesser with time. Resumption of normal routine depends on how soon the bones heal. Strenuous activity should be avoided till full recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Shoulder arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that is conducted to treat problems of the shoulder joint with the help of an arthroscope. A minimally invasive surgery, it makes use of the arthroscope to view the inside of the shoulder through a tiny camera and then repair the tissues around the joint with appropriate surgical tools. It restores normal movement in the shoulder joint and gives the patient relief from pain and movement-related problems that occur because of overuse, aging, or injury. It is a well-known surgical procedure to treat shoulder joint disorders.

When is it performed?

It is performed in shoulder joint problems to examine, diagnose, and treat problems such as rotator cuff repair, removal/repair of the labrum, ligaments repair, removal of a bone spur, removal of loose cartilage or inflamed tissue, and shoulder dislocation. It is performed when the patient’s condition does not improve with medications and other non-surgical therapies.

How is it performed?

It is performed under local anesthesia by orthopedic surgeons and takes around an hour depending on the case. The surgeon makes a small incision into the shoulder and inserts the arthroscope to examine the joint. After diagnosing the problem such as torn ligament or worn out cartilage, the surgeon removes the damaged tissue and repairs the insides to fix the joint. The incision is closed at last with stitches and covered with bandages.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day after the surgery but recovery can take several weeks. In the initial days after surgery, the patient can experience pain and swelling in the operated region and may take medications for the same. The shoulder also remains in a sling for several days and the patient returns to a normal routine after the sling is removed. Till complete recovery, the patient should avoid strenuous activity.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

TLIF or Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion is a surgical procedure that stabilizes the spinal vertebra and the discs in the spinal cord. It is a two-step surgical process in which the damaged parts of the spine are removed and then the anterior and posterior columns of the spine are fused with the help of bone graft or screws and rods. The procedure creates a solid and stable bone structure in the spine and prevents the movement between the bones. This puts an end to the pressure and strain on the spine.

When is it performed?

It is performed in the case of spondylolisthesis, degenerative disc disease, or recurrent disc herniation. It is recommended to the patient after medications and alternative therapies fail to cure the spinal problems. The surgeon examines the patient thoroughly before recommending the surgery and makes sure the patient is not suffering from any other serious disease.

How is it performed?

TLIF is performed under general anesthesia and takes around an hour or more depending on the complexity of the procedure. The surgeon makes an incision in the back and then removes the damaged parts of the spine. After removal, pedicle screws, rods, or bone graft is placed to stabilize the posterior portion while the anterior portion is held in place with bone graft and inter-body spacer. As the bone graft heals, the vertebra fuse together and form a single bone.

Recovery

The patient is discharged in less than a week after the surgery but recovery takes four to six weeks. The patient has to wear a spinal brace during the recovery period to avoid damage to the operated site. They also start physiotherapy soon after the surgery to avoid stiffness. The patient can resume normal routine after recovery but should take care to avoid straining the back.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Total hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the damaged cartilage and the bone of the hip joint are removed and replaced with prosthesis implant. A critical surgical procedure, it is performed by skilled orthopedic surgeons. This procedure helps restore the normal movement in the hip joint. It gives relief to the patients who are suffering from hip joint problems such as a fracture in the hip and aging-related wear and tear in the hip joint. The surgery can be partial or total depending on the patient. There are several ways in which the surgery is conducted depending on which approach or technology is used.

When is it performed?

It is performed in case of hip fracture and hip joint arthritis. It is recommended only when non-surgical treatment has failed to treat the problem. The surgeon makes sure that the patient is not suffering from any serious disease and can endure the major operation. A thorough examination is done before proceeding with total hip replacement.

How is it performed?

It is performed under general anesthesia and can take two to four hours depending on the complexity of the case. The surgeon makes an incision in the hip joint region and then removes the damaged femoral head, replacing it with a metal stem implant. A metal ball is also placed on the upper part of the stem. Afterward, the damaged cartilage of the socket is removed and in its place, a metal socket is implanted with or without the help of screws or cement. Lastly, a metal or ceramic spacer is inserted between the socket and the ball and the incisions are stitched.

Recovery

The patient is discharged two to four days after the surgery. Recovery can take anywhere from six weeks to three months. During this time, pain in the hip is common and the doctor prescribes medications to counter the same. During recovery, the patient has to rely on walking aids for movement and also undergo physical therapy. The patient can return to normal daily routine only after full recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure that replaces the damaged knee joint with an artificial material. It is a popular knee surgery that gives relief to the patients suffering from knee joint problems such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. It removes the damaged portion of the knee joint and restores the movement in the knee. It is a well-known procedure that has proven to be successful in many patients across age groups and therefore, it is conducted by many orthopedic surgeons. However, it is a critical surgery and requires expert handling. 

When is it performed?

It is performed in case of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and other knee joint problems. It is recommended to patients only when non-surgical treatments have failed to work but before recommending the surgery, the surgeon conducts a proper medical evaluation of the patient with physical examination, X-ray, and other tests.

How is it performed?

Total knee replacement is performed under general or local anesthesia and can take one to two hours depending on the complexity of the case. The surgeon makes incisions in the knee and then removes the damaged cartilage and bone. In its place, metal or plastic implants are inserted and attached to the ends of the thigh and calf bones. A plastic spacer is also implanted between the metal pieces. After this, the incisions are stitched. 

Recovery

The patient is discharged a few days after the surgery and for several days may feel pain and swelling in the knee. The doctor may prescribe medications for the pain. After the surgery, the patient must exercise caution in daily routine and take care not to put pressure on the knee. The patient can resume normal routine after four to six weeks when the knee has healed completely.

 

Introduction

Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure that replaces the damaged knee joint with an artificial material. It is a popular knee surgery that gives relief to the patients suffering from knee joint problems such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. It removes the damaged portion of the knee joint and restores the movement in the knee. It is a well-known procedure that has proven to be successful in many patients across age groups and therefore, it is conducted by many orthopedic surgeons. However, it is a critical surgery and requires expert handling.

When is it performed?

It is performed in case of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and other knee joint problems. It is recommended to patients only when non-surgical treatments have failed to work but before recommending the surgery, the surgeon conducts a proper medical evaluation of the patient with physical examination, X-ray, and other tests.

How is it performed?

Total knee replacement is performed under general or local anesthesia and can take one to two hours depending on the complexity of the case. The surgeon makes incisions in the knee and then removes the damaged cartilage and bone. In its place, metal or plastic implants are inserted and attached to the ends of the thigh and calf bones. A plastic spacer is also implanted between the metal pieces. After this, the incisions are stitched.

Recovery

The patient is discharged a few days after the surgery and for several days may feel pain and swelling in the knee. The doctor may prescribe medications for the pain. After the surgery, the patient must exercise caution in daily routine and take care not to put pressure on the knee. The patient can resume normal routine after four to six weeks when the knee has healed completely.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Tumor excision refers to the surgical procedure in which the tumor present in the body is removed with the help of surgical instruments such as frozen section. The removal can be partial or complete depending on the nature of the tumor. Excision is a two-step process in which the first step focuses on determining whether the tumor is malignant (cancerous) or benign (harmless). So, a small tissue is taken for examination and if it is found to be cancerous, the tumor is removed. Excision is a well-known method of tumor removal and is used in most cases.

When is it performed?

It is performed in case of cancerous tumors present in any part of the body such as breast, abdomen, stomach, or any other part. Excision is performed when the tumor causes pain and discomfort to the patient. It is recommended when medications fail to dissolve the tumor. The doctor performs a thorough examination of the patient before removing the tumor.

How is it performed?

Tumor excision is performed under general anesthesia and can take 30 minutes or longer depending on the size and complexity of the tumor. The surgeon makes an incision at the site of the tumor and then removes some tissues from the tumor. It is checked in the lab and if it tests positive for cancer, then the tumor is removed through a second surgery. The surgeon removes the tumor after making incisions and then seals the cut through stitches.

Recovery

The patient can go home two to three days after the surgery depending on the severity of the tumor. The operated site may feel sore and the patient can also experience pain in the region. It goes away slowly and the patient can return to normal routine after complete healing. They should take care not to put a strain on the operated site.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

A cornea transplant, also known as keratoplasty, is a surgery in which the damaged cornea of the patient is removed and replaced with a new healthy cornea. The new cornea comes from donors who pledged to donate their cornea after death. The transplant can be complete (known as penetrating keratoplasty) or partial (known as lamellar keratoplasty). Cornea transplant is an effective eye surgery that works in various disorders/diseases associated with the cornea and has been found to have a high success rate among patients. It helps to bring back vision, improves the look of the cornea and reduces eye pain.

When is it performed?

A cornea transplant is performed to replace a damaged cornea that may result from an accident, injury, or infection. It is a remedy for corneal ulcers, keratoconus (bulging cornea), swelling, clouding, or thinning of the cornea, the eye disease Fuch’s dystrophy and eye problems caused by previous eye surgeries.

How is it performed?

The cornea transplant is performed under local anesthesia and the procedure takes around an hour or two. The surgeon looks into the eye of the patient with the help of a microscope and uses a fine instrument to remove the damaged cornea. After removal, the healthy new cornea received from the donor is grafted into the eye with fine nylon stitches. Lastly, a plastic shield is placed over the eye to protect it from infection during healing and recovery.

Recovery

The patient can go home the same day after cornea transplant but the recovery takes four to six days. During this time, the patient may feel some pain or soreness in the eye but it goes away after a few days. Eye drops and medications are prescribed to reduce the pain and inflammation and it helps reduce the chances of infection. The patient must visit the doctor for a regular check-up after the surgery.

 

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Hysterectomy refers to the surgical procedure through which the uterus is removed from a woman’s body. It can be total, that is, the fundus, body, and the cervix of the uterus are removed or partial, in which only the uterine body is removed and the cervix remains intact. It is a common gynecological surgery performed on a large number of women and after the procedure, the woman is rendered unfit to bear children. It has several risks and benefits and therefore, a proper consultation with the gynecologist is a must before the surgery.

When is it performed?

Hysterectomy is performed to cure uterine fibroids (growth of tissue in the uterus), abnormal uterine bleeding, cervical dysplasia, endometriosis (growth of uterine lining outside the uterus), pelvic relaxation, tumorous growth, and uterine cancer. It is only recommended as a last resort when medications or alternative treatment fails to cure these disorders.

How is it performed?

Hysterectomy is performed under general anesthesia and the uterus is removed either by making incisions in the abdomen or through the vagina. The former is more time-taking and post-operative wounds take time to heal but the latter is relatively less complex. Laparoscopic hysterectomy, which is less invasive, is performed with the help of a laparoscope, which is inserted through the vagina. In a partial hysterectomy, which is laparoscopy-assisted surgery, only the uterine body is removed and the cervix is left as a stump. In most of the hysterectomy surgeries, the ovaries are also removed to minimize the risk of ovarian cancer.

Recovery

The recovery after a hysterectomy depends on the health status of the woman but normally abdominal hysterectomy requires four to six weeks. In case of vaginal and laparoscopy-assisted vaginal surgery, the patient needs lesser time, which is usually between two to four weeks. In case of former, the patient is discharged after three to five days, while the latter requires the patient to stay in the hospital for one or two days. The patient can resume normal routine after recovery but till then, the precautions such as no heavy lifting should be followed.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Microwave endometrial ablation is a remedy for heavy bleeding during menstruation. This procedure uses the heat of a microwave probe to reduce the lining of the uterus through a surgical procedure. The heat destroys the lining, which leads to lesser blood flow after the surgery. It has been gaining popularity among surgeons and patients alike and has emerged as an effective treatment for women suffering from excessive bleeding during periods. However, it is not an alternative to hysterectomy and only suitable candidates have advised the surgery.

When is it performed?

Microwave endometrial ablation is performed only after a proper check-up and consultation with the gynecologist. It is not recommended to all the women who suffer from heavy bleeding and the patient is selected after due assessment. Those who have large fibroids, endometriosis, or want to have children in the future are not recommended the procedure.

How is it performed?

Microwave endometrial ablation is performed under local or general anesthesia. During the procedure, a microwave probe is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and then moved from side to side. Throughout the procedure, a high temperature is maintained, which produces a huge amount of heat and destroys the lining of the uterus. It takes around 30 to 45 minutes to conduct the procedure.

Recovery

The recovery time ranges from two to four days. After the procedure, the patient may experience cramps for pain for a few days. Some watery discharge or vaginal bleeding may also be experienced. The patient can also feel a frequent need to urinate but all these symptoms go away after two to three weeks. The patient must follow the medications prescribed by the gynecologist after the surgery and in case of any complications, the patient must consult the gynecologist at once.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Prostatectomy refers to the surgery that removes a part or all of the prostate gland. It is of two types – simple prostatectomy and radical prostatectomy. In the former procedure, only a part of the gland is removed and it is done for harmless conditions. The latter is done for malignant cancer and involves the removal of the entire gland. The surgery is performed in different ways, depending on the condition of the patient. With the advancements in surgical techniques, prostatectomy has become far safer today and there is a high success rate among patients.

When is it performed?

Prostatectomy is performed in cases of acute urinary retention, uncontrollable hematuria (blood in urine), recurrent urinary tract infections, enlarged prostate gland, bladder stones secondary to bladder outlet obstruction, and malignant cancer. It is performed after due assessment of the patient and not recommended to those who have life expectancy less than 10 years and are weak or suffer from some serious disease.

How is it performed?

Prostatectomy is performed under general or spinal anesthesia and the operation takes around 2 to 3 hours, depending on the size of the prostate. In open surgery, incisions are made in the belly and then a catheter is inserted to drain the urine. The prostate gland is then removed with surgical instruments. In case of robot-assisted surgery, the motion of the surgical instruments is controlled with a computer and in a minimally-invasive surgery, a laparoscope is used to view and operate the prostate gland.

Recovery

The patient is discharged in one or two days after the surgery but would need the catheter for a few days to drain the urine. The post-operation healing takes a couple of weeks. One can return to normal life and resume sexual activity after four to six weeks. During this time, the prescribed medication and precautions must be followed. The regular check-ups are also necessary.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a surgery that is conducted to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate). It is a traditional and effective surgical procedure to cure urological problems caused by enlarged prostate. The surgery is performed in different ways with a resectoscope, a bipolar device, or laser energy. The use of technology is continuously evolving. Nevertheless, with better management of benign prostatic hyperplasia through drugs and other remedies, the cases of TURP are decreasing significantly.

When is it performed?

TURP is performed when medications fail to cure benign prostatic hyperplasia and it is causing urological disorders in the patient. It is performed only after a proper examination of the bladder and the prostate gland. It is recommended to only those patients who are fit and do not suffer from any serious disease.

How is it performed?

TURP is performed under general or spinal anesthesia and takes one to two hours. During the procedure, the surgeon inserts an instrument called a resectoscope from the end of the penis to view the prostate gland and then a surgical tool is inserted to remove the prostate gland. Lastly, a catheter is inserted to drain the urine. TURP can be performed using a bipolar device as well as laser energy that remove the excess tissue of the prostate or the prostate itself.

Recovery

The patient is discharged after one to three days and the catheter remains attached to the patient’s bladder for 24 to 48 hours. The recovery period is around four to six weeks and depends on the health of the patient. During this time, the patient may experience trouble in urination or blood in urine. Normal routine and sexual activity can be resumed after full recovery and the patient must take the post-surgery medications to ensure timely healing.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Varicose veins surgery refers to the medical procedure that treats enlarged and twisted veins in the body. A surgery can be performed using multiple approaches that have been gaining popularity. These procedures are known to provide relief from the pain and discomfort and also improve the aesthetic appearance of the legs (the site of varicose veins). The surgery type may include stripping, laser treatment, ambulatory phlebectomy, endoscopic vein surgery, and endovenous thermal ablation. Varicose vein surgery is mostly done for aesthetic reasons and only a few cases bear a connection with pain or discomfort.

When is it done?

Varicose vein surgery is recommended only when medications and other remedies such as compression stockings and oil or gel massage fail to work and the symptoms are bothersome. The doctor examines the varicose veins before recommending a surgery and an approval from them depends on the extent of the disorder (large or small veins) and the condition of the patient. If the patient is suffering from some cardiovascular or another disease, then surgery is not recommended.

How is it done?

In laser surgery, the surgeon strikes the veins with high-intensity light and destroys them. In endovenous ablation therapy, small incisions are made and then a thin tube is inserted which has a device that generates heat with laser or radio waves and closes the vein. Stripping involves making cuts in the skin, tying the veins and removing them, while endoscopic vein surgery makes use of an endoscope to view the veins and carry out the operation.

Recovery

The patient can go home after one day or on the same day after the surgery. The recovery takes anything between two to four weeks, depending on the extent of the varicose veins removed. Slight pain or swelling in the groin area is normal and the doctor prescribes medications to get rid of the same. The patient can resume normal routine in a week but strenuous activity and standing for long hours must be avoided until full recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Vitrectomy is an eye surgery in which some or all of the vitreous humor (clear gel filling the space between the lens and the retina) is removed and replaced with a saline solution. It is of two types – anterior vitrectomy and pars plana vitrectomy. In the former procedure, the small portions of fluid are removed from the front structure of the eye. In the latter, a part or whole of the eye fluid is removed and the deeper part of the eye is operated. It is an effective surgical procedure to cure multiple eye disorders.

When is it performed?

Vitrectomy is performed to cure several eye disorders such as retinal detachment, macular pucker (wrinkles in the retina), diabetic retinopathy, macular holes, and vitreous hemorrhage. These diseases cause the vitreous humor to become clouded, bloodied, or hardened and it requires removal. The surgery is also recommended in cases of infection, serious eye injuries, or when the blood vessels of the retina get damaged.

How is it performed?

Vitrectomy can take an hour or a few hours, depending on the condition of the eye disorder. It is performed under local or general anesthesia. The doctor makes a cut in the sclera (white part of the eye), fills it with a harmless gas, and removes the vitreous humor with a needle. Later, the scarred tissues and debris are removed or the required repair is done in the eye. In the last step, the eye is filled with saline.

Recovery

The patient is discharged the same day of the operation but the healing may take a month or more. The patient has to wear the protective eye patch for the prescribed number of days and also use the eye drops and medications for timely recovery. Some redness or pain in the eye is normal for a few days after the surgery but the patient must consult the doctor if the pain or discomfort persists for more than a couple of days.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Whipple’s procedure, also known as panceraticoduodenectomy, is a surgery that is performed to remove the head of the pancreas, the first part of the duodenum (small intestine), the bile duct, and the gallbladder. It is a complex surgery that treats disorders and tumors related to the pancreas, bile duct, and intestine. An effective treatment for pancreatic cancer restricted to the head of the pancreas, it is only performed by extremely experienced surgeons as it is a long and complicated procedure that can be handled only by an expert.

When is it performed?

Whipple’s procedure is performed only on those pancreatic cancer patients where cancer or tumor is limited to the head of the pancreas and has not spread to the nearby areas. Also, the patient is examined thoroughly before the operation to ensure that they can endure this demanding surgery and recover in time.

How is it performed?

The Whipple’s procedure can take anything between four to twelve hours, depending on the complexity of cancer/tumor. It can be an open surgery, laparoscopic, or robotic and is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen, removes the affected parts with surgical instruments and then reconnects the remaining parts of the pancreas, stomach, and the intestine. In laparoscopic and robotic surgery, a laparoscope and computer are used to remove the affected parts.

Recovery

The patient is monitored closely after the surgery for 24 to 48 hours for any infection or complication. They need to be in the hospital for at least a week before discharge. It takes around four to six weeks to return to a normal routine but this also depends on the complexity of the surgery and the health condition of the patient. During this time, they have to follow the medications and diet prescribed by the doctor and also go for regular check-ups to ensure a full recovery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

In bone marrow or stem cell transplant, healthy blood stem cells are transplanted to the damaged or defected bone marrow to produce new blood cells by stimulating the development of new marrow. The bone marrow that produces stem cells may get damaged because of an infection, in case of blood cancer, due to certain childhood diseases, and during chemotherapy as a part of cancer treatment. Bone marrow is a spongy tissue present in your bones. It produces all types of blood cells, including the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

When is it performed?

A bone marrow transplant is required to restore the production of healthy blood cells in the body. Bone marrow injury due to chemotherapy, specific types of cancers (multiple myeloma, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma), and aplastic anemia can warrant the need for a bone marrow transplant. Some of the other reasons for which a bone marrow transplant is conducted include sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, and congenital neutropenia.

How is it performed?

Bone marrow transplants are of two types – autologous transplants and allogeneic Transplants. In the case of autologous transplants, healthy stem cells retrieved from the body of the patient are used for transplant. Prior to radiation or chemotherapy treatment, the stem cells are harvested and stored. After the treatment, they are transplanted back into the body. In the case of allogeneic transplants, the healthy stem cells that are a close genetic match between the donor and recipient are taken. If your stems cells have been damaged due to medical conditions, then allogeneic transplant is advised. The stem cells are removed from the donor’s body and put inside the recipient’s body. However, this procedure is riskier as there are chances that your body may reject the foreign stem cells.

Recovery

If you take the stem cells from a donor, then the success of the bone marrow transplant is dependent on how genetically well-matched the donor and the recipient are. At times, finding a good match is not easy. The doctors supervise the condition of the patient after the procedure. Complete recovery may take several months in some patients. If the concentration of white blood cell count increases within a few days, you can assume that new blood cells are being formed in the body.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

Sometimes, a patient with a heart disease that cannot be treated with the help of medications or any other procedure is recommended to undergo a cardiac transplant. In a heart transplant surgery, the damaged or diseased heart is replaced with a heart retrieved from a deceased donor. Sometimes, this procedure is conducted along with lung replacement, a procedure known as a heart-lung transplant.

When is it performed?

A damaged or diseased heart is not able to perform the blood-pumping function effectively. This may lead to fatal cardiac events. Adults can suffer from heart failure due to coronary artery disease, congenital heart defect, cardiomyopathy or failing heart muscle, heart valve disorder, amyloidoses, ventricular arrhythmias, or recurring episodes of heart rhythm abnormality. All such patients are recommended to undergo a heart transplant when all other treatments fail to work.

How is it performed?

The patient is given general anaesthesia prior to the procedure. Usually, heart transplant takes five to six hours and it is an open heart surgery. The medical professionals connect the patient to a heart-lung bypass machine so that oxygen-rich blood continues to flow through the body. During the surgery, an incision is made in the chest, after which the sternum is separated and the rib cage is opened. Then, the diseased heart is removed and replaced with the donated heart. The blood vessels are attached to the donor's heart. The patient is removed from the heart-lung bypass machine after the donated heart starts to pump blood effectively.

Recovery

The patient is kept in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a few days, after which arrangements are made for a hospital stay in a regular inpatient ward. Even after you are discharged from the hospital, you will need to visit your doctor for biopsies to ascertain if the body is rejecting the new heart. The intake of a nutritious diet is extremely important after a heart transplant to give the body much-needed nourishment. Also, maintaining an exercise regime for improving your overall body functioning is advised. It may take several months to recover from the surgery.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

A kidney transplant is recommended to a patient suffering from the end-stage renal disease in which both the kidneys are affected. In this procedure, a kidney retrieved from the body of a donor is transplanted to the body of the patient. The primary function of the kidneys is the filtration of wastes and toxins. In case of kidney failure, there is a build-up of waste products in the body, which may lead to grave consequences.

When is it performed?

A kidney transplant is conducted in case of kidney failure. Dialysis is an alternate treatment option but it requires the patient to visit the clinic regularly for filtration of waste and other toxins. This is the reason why a kidney transplant is recommended for patients so that their overall quality of life is improved and they can live their lives more freely. A close relative of the patient is preferred for a kidney donation because there are higher chances of getting a good blood group and body tissue match; also, the chances of the patient’s body rejecting the kidney are reduced. A donor kidney can also be retrieved from a recently deceased donor.

How is it performed?

During the surgery, a team of surgeons transplants a new kidney in the lower portion of the abdomen by making an incision. The transplanted kidney is connected to the blood vessels and the urinary bladder. The doctors leave the diseased kidneys as is in their original position. The incision is closed and the patient is sent to the recovery room.

Recovery

To avoid complications after the kidney transplant surgery, the patients are advised to lead a healthy lifestyle, abstain from smoking, consume a balanced diet, maintain optimum weight, and take medications to lower their risk of an infection. On an average, survival rates after 1, 5, and 10 years of a kidney transplant are 95 percent, 85 to 90 percent, and 75 percent, respectively.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text




Introduction

During a liver transplant, the damaged or diseased liver is replaced with a healthy liver retrieved from a donor. This procedure is performed in patients suffering from the end-stage liver disease. A liver transplant is conducted in three steps. Firstly, your condition is assessed by the doctor to ascertain your suitability for a liver transplant. Secondly, your name is put on the waiting list for a donor’s liver. Thirdly, you are admitted to the hospital for the transplant surgery.

When is it performed?

The medical experts conduct a transplant on account of liver failure, due to which toxins start to build up in the body. Liver failure may result due to an infection, drug-caused injury, or viral hepatitis. A chronic liver failure could arise due to primary biliary cholangitis, chronic hepatitis with cirrhosis, biliary atresia, sclerosing cholangitis, Wilson’s disease, and chronic alcoholism. In either of the cases, a liver transplant is needed. However, the procedure is conducted only when all alternative treatments available fail to work.

How is it performed?

In the case of a living donor transplant, a portion of the liver of a healthy person is removed and inserted into the patient’s body. After a few weeks, the liver segments of both the donor and recipient grow to normal size. In the case of a brain-dead or deceased donor transplant, the non-functional liver of the patient is replaced with the liver recovered from the recently deceased patient. The liver transplant surgery is conducted under the influence of general anesthesia and it takes around two to three hours to complete.

Recovery

The two complications associated with liver transplant surgery include rejection and infection. To prevent the body from rejecting the new liver, the doctors prescribe immunosuppressants. Also, other medications deemed suitable by the doctors are prescribed. Normally, you will be discharged from the hospital after a few days of the surgery. Before leaving the hospital, you will be advised on the signs of rejection and infection to look out for and when calling the doctor is important. After about five months of the transplant, the tubes that are inserted during the surgery are removed.

Request for an expert
Your Name *


Your Email *


Your Mobile *


Describe Your Medical Condition *


Write This Text *
Write This Text